What rules does the World Anti-Doping Code (Code) currently include
in relation to whereabouts information?
Article 14.3 of the Code states that “Athletes who have been identified by
their International Federation (for international athletes) or National Anti-
Doping Organization (for national athletes) for inclusion in an out-of-
competition* testing pool shall provide accurate, current location
information.” Each of these anti-doping organizations (ADOs) is
responsible for defining the specific criteria for inclusion of athletes in its
registered testing pool (for example, a specified world ranking cut-off, a
specified time standard, membership of a national team, etc), but the pool
must include at a minimum the top-ranked athletes in the sport/country.
Whereabouts requirements are set by the athlete’s ADO in order to allow
some flexibility based upon varying circumstances encountered in different
sports and countries.
What rules does the World Anti-Doping Code currently include in
relation to missed tests?
Article 2.4 of the Code lists missed tests as a possible anti-doping rule
violation, in the following wording: “Violation of applicable requirements
regarding athlete availability for out-of-competition testing including failure
to provide required whereabouts information and missed tests which are
declared based on reasonable rules.”
Such violation can result in a sanction for the athlete from three months to
two years in accordance with the rules established by the ADO whose test
was missed or whose whereabouts requirement was violated, under Article
10.4.3 of the Code.
Has WADA developed any other rules or guidelines in relation to
whereabouts and missed tests?
WADA has developed an International Standard for Testing, which entered
into force at the same time as the Code in January 2004 and is mandatory
for signatories to the Code. This Standard—whose purpose is to plan for
effective testing and to maintain the integrity and identity of samples
throughout the testing process, from notifying the athlete to transporting
samples for analysis—expands on the requirements for ADOs for establishing
registered testing pools and collecting athlete whereabouts information.