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Source:  http://ashraf62.wordpress.com/2011/06/18/ancient-egypt-had-no-pharaohs-2/
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Debunking the Israelite Myth: Ancient Egypt Knew No Pharaohs

June 18, 2011

If you think that history is all about the past …  you’d better think again.

If you think the stories the Hebrew Bible had told about ancient Egypt was the whole truth … you’d better think once again.

And if you believe that ancient Egypt was ruled by pharaohs … then you’d better read the next lines

Dr. Ashraf Ezzat

King Tutankhamun

Ancient Egypt knew no Pharaohs

Prologue

The title might sound a bit strange and perplexing, but throughout the following lines I’m going to elaborate on the historical reasons why the rulers of ancient Egypt were called kings and not Pharaohs. And by straightening out this bizarre issue, the Israelite connection will eventually be exposed.

“Kings or pharaohs, what difference does it make?” some might argue.

Well, it would make a world of difference if we discovered that, for thousands of years, we’ve been living a myth that we continue to cling to and hold dear as the only irrefutable truth till this very day.

It would make a world of difference if we knew that what took place at that remote period of time in the ancient Near East, particularly in ancient Egypt, has dramatically shaped, over the centuries and through our willful ignorance, the way we live today with all this web of political, ethnic and religious conflict and intolerance, and that only by unraveling the truth and exposing the myths of that past could we untangle this web of antagonism and belligerence we currently endure.

Ancient Egypt, the rise and demise

Egypt, a nation known worldwide as the land of the pharaohs, is so embedded in history you can trace back its culture, spirituality and traditions for thousands of years way long before the world crossed the threshold of civilization; when ancient Egypt was building the great pyramids under a powerful, highly organized central government the world was still crawling out of its prehistoric ages

The thing that makes the ancient Egyptian kingdom stand out as a unique civilization in the ancient world history, besides the magnificent legacy of colossal wonders of masonry and engineering and the highly religious texts and moral teachings is the fact that the ancient Egyptians kept a solid and coherent documentation of their chronicles that covered the geo-political, socio-economic, military records and even covered the daily life activities in a way that left not much room for second guessing or speculation.

Civilization long shrouded in silence – David Roberts 1838

With the demise of ancient Egypt, the language of that civilization – hieroglyphs – that kept intact and thriving for well over three millennia was eventually declared extinct following the Ptolemaic and Roman period(332 BC- 395 AD)

After that, the ancient Egyptian monuments and texts had been shrouded in sheer silence and neglect and the once great civilization that witnessed the first dawn of human conscience and helped to shape the human code of moral conduct turned into oblivion.

For the following 1500 years too many narratives and stories had been spawned seemingly trying to retell the story of ancient Egypt, not as it actually occurred but through interpretations and perspectives that somehow served the interests of the story tellers.

The story of ancient Egypt, the Israelite version

Of all the narratives that were told about ancient Egypt, the Hebrew Bible is the one narrative that managed to convince the world with its stories of some Pharaoh and Hebrew slaves that, it alone, monopolized the truth about the history of ancient Egypt.

Most of the scholars of the history of the ancient Near East for nearly two millennia relied primarily on the Bible as a scientific reference and in doing so they simply followed what the Hebrew scribes wrote, or better yet tampered with in the history of ancient Egypt and blindly took it for granted.

As for the common people, who were illiterate, they fell prey to the rabbinic oral literature of Midrash and Mishnah ceaselessly boasting about the infamous myth of Moses and pharaoh.

Scholars of the Biblical ancient history of the Near East and in the absence of the technology of modern archeology, and instead of excavating the earth and digging out the hidden truth, they simply resketched the landscape and chronicles of that remote period of time following whatever signs they encountered within the confines of the Bible pages.

According to the book of Exodus, the king who ruled Egypt in Moses’ time was also referred to as Pharaoh. He is addressed as Pharaoh 128 times. Three examples are illustrated below:

When Pharaoh heard of this, he tried to kill Moses, but Moses fled from Pharaoh and went to live in Midian… [2:15]

Then the Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron will be your prophet.” [7:1]

When Pharaoh’s horses, chariots and horsemen went into the sea, the Lord brought the waters of the sea back over them, but the Israelites walked through the sea on dry land. [15:19]

This is how the world got to recognize Egypt as the land, according to the Hebrew’s alleged narrative, where pharaohs brutally reigned and enslaved the ancient Hebrews and also as the land that witnessed the alleged devastating ten plagues, the awe-inspiring parting of the sea and the epical exodus of the Israelites from Egypt.

So whenever Egypt was mentioned during the last two thousands of years, the word pharaoh would simultaneously pop up in the discourse thus adding more deluding power to the Hebrew and Biblical designation of the rulers of ancient Egypt as pharaohs.

Ancient Egypt resurrected

Jean-François Champollion

It was not before 1822 when Jean-François Champollion, the French philologist managed to decipher the hieroglyphs in his arduous task and breakthrough of translating the Rosetta stone.

Thanks to this brilliant Champollion, the long muted and almost buried under the earth ancient Egypt with treasures of enormous records and chronicles inscribed on the stone and written on papyrus scrolls were resurrected and finally brought back to life.

And what the predecessors thought of as mute masonry covered with some weird scribblings  and coffins haunted with some kind of eternal curse began to attract eager historians and modern archeologists who, upon dusting off the ancient artifacts and temple reliefs and inscriptions, and on reading the Egyptian texts they, and for the first time, began to listen to the stone and the papyri uttering the truth about the genuine story of ancient Egypt.

In the mid-nineteenth century the genuine version of the history of ancient Egypt and the Near East was beginning to unravel as its true stories were being retold again.

Ironically enough, what the excavated records of ancient Egypt told the modern historians and archeologists was totally different from what the Hebrew narrative said. But what struck historians as a total surprise is the fact that ancient Egyptian records had no mention of any Israelites in Egypt, non whatsoever, while the Hebrew Bible is replete with tales of Egypt, and the more of ancient Egypt texts and inscriptions were unraveled, the remoter from truth the Biblical narrative looked.

Interestingly, and as the historical findings and the non- stop archeological discoveries were in the process of resurrecting the true story of ancient Egypt the Biblical narrative kept on decomposing subjecting some of the dominant Israelite stories, like the exodus, to demolition after it had been scientifically refuted by prominent modern archeologists, many of whom are Israelis and who amongst other Canadian and American Egyptologists now view the story of the Israelites exodus as a mere myth or one of the ancient Israelite’s tales that had been somehow magnified, stretched out and skillfully embroidered by the gifted Hebrew scribes of the Bible over the years.

The ancient  Egyptian royal titulary

If we went back in time and tried to find how the word “Pharaoh” claimed that worldwide popularity, we would undoubtedly have to stop before the Hebrew landmark story of the exodus from Egypt, the tale of Moses, where he and his people fled the Egyptian kingdom while being chased down by the army of an alleged tyrant referred to as Pharaoh.

Was pharaoh the name of the Egyptian king, or was it his title or his epithet, that is one thing the Bible had not been clear about. But while such nuance could be appreciated in fictional works, it could never fit satisfactorily into a scientific historical account.

Tracing the etymology and the historicity of that word “Pharaoh” and for an avid reader and researcher of Egyptology who spends almost all of his weekends at the Egyptian museum in Cairo, I stumbled upon the most astonishing discovery. I didn’t discover a new royal mummy nor found the lost tomb of king Akhenaten, I simply found out, contrary to what everybody believed, that the history and the chronicles of ancient Egypt had no mention of pharaohs.

History shows that ancient Egypt only knew kings and sometimes queens but never pharaohs nor any mention of enslavement of Israelites, as a matter of fact; slavery was not a common practice in ancient Egypt and it was introduced into the late dynasties of ancient Egypt only after the Persian and the Roman conquest.

The old kingdom (2686-2181 BC) knew kings such as Djoser, Khufu and Teti , the middle kingdom ( 2055-1650 BC) had kings such as Senusret I and Senusret II and the new kingdom ( 1550-1069 BC) witnessed the topnotch kings such as Thutmose III, queen Hatshepsut, Akhenaten, Tutankhamun and Usermaatre Setpenre ( Ramsses II )

Egyptian kings typically had five names, a Personal name (nomen)  which was bestowed upon them at birth and another four names- Horus name, Nebty (“two ladies”) name, Horus of Gold, Throne name (praenomen),that were not given until they took the throne. The final four names were bestowed upon the king to officially commemorate his transformation from a mortal to a deity. The birth name of the king seems to have remained very prominent in the king’s life. It was the birth name that was primarily used in the cartouche and the name by which the king was most commonly known.

King Tutankhamun royal cartouche with his coronation name

The kings’ throne name usually had strong connotations of sovereignty over the upper and lower Egypt and divine relation to the gods Amen or Re.

The coronation name inside a cartouche was usually accompanied with the title nesu-bity, “King of Upper and Lower Egypt” and the epithet neb tawy, “Lord of the Two Lands”, referring to upper Egypt and delta regions of Egypt.

For example, king Tutankhamun’s throne name was Neb-Kheperu-re, which means “Lord of Manifestations is Re and was customarily accompanied by the epithet “lord of the two lands” followed by the usual benediction life, prosperity and health

According to the ancient texts and papyri, high ranking officials like high priests, princes, commanders of the army… etc, addressed the king as the ruler of the crowns, beloved of the gods, lord of the diadems, living forever and forever… but never as Pharaoh.

Not so often kings of ancient Egypt were referred to as the magnificent in earth and heaven, lord of crowns and as “the sun in the sky” and this was the ultimate titulary that reflected the ascension of the king to the realm of deities.

Etymology shows that the word pharaoh is the Greek pronunciation of the compound word ” pe-ro” or “pr –aa” which referred to the palace of the king or rather the great house and not necessarily the king himself.

Some argue that during the eighteenth dynasty (sixteenth to fourteenth centuries BC) the title pharaoh was employed as a reverential designation of the ruler as is the case in a letter to Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten), who reigned 1353 – 1336 BC, which is addressed to ‘Pharaoh, all life, prosperity, and health!.

But then again, that was not entirely correct, as shown in the letters of Amarna (Tablet correspondence between the Egyptian administration during the reign of king Akhenaten (1350-1334) and its representatives in Canaan and Amurru and the state of international affairs between Egypt and the major powers of the Middle East, Babylonia, Mitanni and Assyria).

In the letters sent by the kings of Babylon and Assyria Akhentaen is addressed as the king of Egypt whereas in those sent by the Canaanite representatives he is addressed To the King my lord, my sun, my god, the breath of my life… your slave and dust under your feet. At the feet of the King my lord, my sun, my god, the breath of my life, I bowed down seven times seven times”

The Great House vs. the White House

In their letters to the royal palace, foreign non-Egyptian subordinates & representatives were not entitled to directly address the king of Egypt, the magnificent in earth and heaven by his throne name. It was simply not their place to do so. They had to refer to him in a highly dignified and reverential designation. So it was common and accepted from a protocol point of view to refer to the king of Egypt, who presided over the skies like the sun as the one who resides in the great house or the royal palace.

In other words, it was customary and kind of required of those foreign subordinates who were not Egyptian subjects nor well instructed in the Egyptian ancient traditions and culture to refer to the king of Egypt as the great house dweller.

And as we of today refer to the president of the United States and his inner circle of high officials as the white house, in the ancient world and especially amongst the Asiatic foreigners they referred to the mighty king of Egypt and his court of priests and commanders as the great house. And just as the white house is not the title of the president of United States so the “pr – aa” was not the name of the ruler of ancient Egypt.

Never was there a papyrus or an inscription on any wall or pylon of any Egyptian temple that showed the word pharaoh as a reference to the king himself. The name of the king, as the ancient Egyptian traditions decreed, was always enclosed in a royal cartouche.

And to get a grasp of the meaning of “pr – aa” and when ancient Egyptians were inclined to use it, we could only discern that in the following lines from a hymn to the god Ra taken out from the ancient coffin texts or what is known as the book of the dead.

“Homage to thee …
o thou lord of brightness
thou who art at the head
of the great house
prince of night and of thick darkness …
he comes to thee being a pure soul …
..o, grant thou unto him
His mouth that he may speak therewith,
At the season when there are clouds
And darkness …”

                                     Verses from the ancient Egyptian coffin texts

The majestic Pyramids

As we saw, the ancient Egyptian used to refer to the supreme God as the head of the great house. … That was the epithet of Amun-Re in funerary and religious texts not the king who was used to be designated as the ruler of the two lands and the beloved of gods, etc.

When ancient Egypt was brought back from the dead and resurrected by Champollion’s breakthrough, it was like a prophecy coming true as the ancient Egyptian believed that once his name was uttered once again after his departure he would come back from the dead and live forever as immortal in the afterlife.

That’s why Egyptians cared so much about their funerary texts and coffins.

But on their journey for immortality they somehow, along the way trod on thorny grounds the Israelites covered with made-sacred tales of ancient Egypt and the so-called pharaohs who never ruled except in the Egypt depicted by the Hebrew scribes who made sure it would serve their stories of exodus, wandering in the wilderness and conquest of some promised land, all of which history hardly mentioned or left any archeological trace.

Epilogue

Now let’s go back in time thousands of years ago … long before any crusades, before Jesus Christ, before Alexander the great and even before the alleged tales of the twelve tribes of whom history had not rendered any records… and let us try and re-dramatize the whole thing.

Imagine yourself wandering in the wild desert for weeks in dirty and smelly rags wading through the vast and barren terrains, herding flocks of sheep starving for any sign of green weeds and yourself feeling no less hungry or exhausted under the blazing sun with nothing on your mind except a bite to eat and a shady tree to retire under… and all of a sudden you spot on the distance fields of green, flowing rivers, military garrisons, busy markets, sheltered farmhouses and huge temples .. and at the far background and as the sun was leaving the sky silhouetting the mighty pyramids the smooth white casing of which along with the golden pyramidions glittered as they reflected the sun rays.

This must have been a jaw dropping and day dream-like sight for any shaggy, smelly, itchy and semi-barbaric nomad in the proto-historic time no matter how Jewish or how preferred and meticulously chosen by Yahweh he was.

… Standing barefoot and dwarfed by the colossal royal palace of Egypt’s king, the homeless nomad asked in amazement “what is this?”

“pr – aa” answered one of the royal guards at the entrance of the palace while ordering him to step aside and walk away.

And walk away he did, but on his way back to his tribe in the barren rocky terrains, as he was exiting Egypt, this Hebrew Shepherd could hardly wait to tell his concocted story of the unbelievable land of “Pr – aa”

.. A fictitious story, crammed with fallacies and fairy tales that permeate with a noticeable sense of malevolence and envy … but what’s astonishing about this ancient Israelite story -or hate speech if you will- is that it still lives, hallowed and indisputable, with us till this very day.

From → Egyptology, History

57 Comments
  1. spktruth200 permalink

    How very interesting! We know the Hebrew scribes made stuff up to frighten the uneducated people into doing whatever they wanted. We know that Israel still hates Egypt and blames them for years of slavery etc. This certainly changes all that history.

    • Hi spktruth200,
      My dear friend there was no enslavement of Israelites nor exodus form Egypt, that is what history tells us.
      And definitely Ancient Egypt knew no Pharaohs.

      • Sharpinla permalink

        I concur. It was, if anything, a analogy of walking forty years in the desert – going away on a journey, finding yourself – discovering your truth, Moses was at his third and final 40 year period of age from 80-120 years.

    • Dave Mowers permalink

      How can you be FROM Egypt and be an Egyptian slave? The Israelites where from Egypt, Moses was a prince of Egypt and high priest and the Israelites were his followers so they were Egyptian which means that all people called “Jews” today are descendents of Egyptians. Their religion is based on Egyptian mysticism every part of the bible comes from Egyptian, Greek, Babylonian and Sumeria sources. Jews are a made up people with a fake version of Egyptian religion.

      • paul permalink

        it does not penetrate your thick skull that there was not Mosses, not jewish slaves in Egypt and all current ‘history” is crap invented by ASKE – NAZI crimi8nals just like lies about alleged holocaust.Aske _- nazis murderers killed more than 10 millions Ukrainians by starving them more than 80 million Russians and started all wars and revolutions in the past 700 yearsand continue to this day

  2. coplaartemayor permalink

    Brilliant!

  3. I am having to rethink a lifetime of connection with the history of Egypt. Of course mine was more connection with the common people, the arts, and spirit, the way people lived. I never dreamt I was royalty reincarnated or such. At 14 my favourite ever novel was “The Egyptian” by Mika Waltari.

    And when I was a young woman, my idea of a romantic afternoon was being caught in a snowstorm in the Royal Ontario Museum with a date, and of course a picnic. I spent hours immersed in walls of stolen hieroglyphics, IE one from the tomb of Hatshepsut, just thinking of those times so long ago.

    I watched the Hollywood pap movies, starved for visuals but never felt I was watching the truth. But then, all my life I had a profound distrust of anything thrust upon people, just a suspicious sort and it has proven me right over the years.

    And now this. THank you for your work here. A LOT to think about and absorb. If you do not mind, I would like to post this on my blog because I have a few readers who are interested in the past.

    And btw, consider, if the Israelis are so desperate to control media now, as they have attempted regarding Gaza, or WW2, or WW1 or ANYTHING they have wanted to control, (yeah, I am a bit of a revisionist if, by revisionist you mean undoing the lies and putting the truth back up), why not the Bible? They rewrite whatever they can for their plans…. just as they rewrote the book they now uses as a real estate deal with God to take over the area of Palestine.

    But I digress… thank you for your work.

    • Thank you for the nice words and of course you could post it at your colorful and well designed bolg.
      ..As a matter of fact, I liked the way my post looked on your blog.
      .. The Israelites committed the ultimate sin, they had tampered with ancient history, and what makes it unforgivably grave is the fact that most of us still believe it and embrace it as the unshakeable truth.
      .. My best.

    • Walter permalink

      You read Waltari? Then you know of the Aten worship.
      Some scholars, such as Sigmund Freud, have pointed out the obvious implausibilities on the Moses story and have sugge3sted that “Moses”, an Egyptian word meaning “Prince” may have been another name for the heretic Pharaoh Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV), and the story of the Exodus a highly romanticized telling of his attempted return from exile, with the usual spin so that failure to reclaim his throne is sold to later generations as a symbolic victory.
      ———————————————————————
      The whole point is, the “jews” are exiled ATEN worshippers who “morphed” from being peace-lovers to venomous war-mongers from resentment over being ousted from power in Egypt. Palestine was a PROVINCE of Egypt, so how could anyone “escape” to it and “conquer” it?! They were EXILED to it.
      ———————————————————————
      Moses was “raised” as an Egyptian Prince, because Moses WAS an Egyptian Prince. As a matter of FACT, the “Hebrews” are EGYPTIAN.
      The Hebrews, the participants of the fabled Exodus, were EGYPTIAN refugee worshipers of ATEN, the MONOTHEISTIC Egyptian LIGHT God.
      After Amenhotep IV aka Akenhaten elevated Aten to THE god of Egypt (THOU SHALT HAVE NO OTHER GODS BEFORE ME)
      the priests of Amon and the lesser gods worked to undermine Aten. Upon the death of Pharoh Akenhaten, the “ONE” god, Aten, was
      overthrown. The temples and all trace of Aten were pulled down and erased. The followers of Aten were persecuted and harrassed.
      After some years of this, the followers of Aten made an “exodus” (a going out) from Egypt, to the COLONIES of Egypt in Palestine.
      ————————————————————————–
      NOTE: It is not called a HOMECOMING or RETURN, as it would have been if the participants were SEMITES originally from Palestine.
      They THEMSELVES termed it an EXODUS. [EX out of, from, and HODOS, way]
      This is people who WERE Egyptian and LEFT, went OUT OF Egypt.
      ————————————————————————–
      The followers of Aten wandered in the desert for years (40?). They assimilated legends, myths, and People, into their Religion and Tribe.
      The first generation of refugees passed on, and their religion morphed from a “loving, peace, LIGHT and enlightened god”
      to a vengeful, resentful, scab-picking War god.
      THIS is why there is NO Egyptian archeological evidence of a Jewish/Semitic presence OR exodus.
      The Exodus consisted of EGYPTIANS leaving Egypt in the face of religious persecution that included the complete erasure of the God of the Exodus, ATEN.

      How else could one explain what is clearly written in the Bible itself:
      For millenia the Jews(Egyptian Refugees) have WAILED about their abject slavery under “Torturous, Inhumane” conditions in Egypt.
      Name ONE other “religion” that has a HOLIDAY celebrating the genocide of the CHILDREN of their opponents?
      THAT is what “Passover” is. They are celebrating the deaths of the First Born children of the Egyptians.
      More then that, they are celebrating revenge on the Worshipers of Aton for overthrowing their god Aten.

      Let us take a little look at the abject, “slaves” in Egypt:
      How is it that “impoverished, abject slaves” have lambs to slaughter, flocks and herds?
      Exodus c.12 v.21
      Exodus c.12 v.32&38
      Exodus c.35 v.22-23
      How is it that “abject impoverished slaves” have neighbors with GOLD and SILVER and JEWELS to LOAN to these “slaves”
      Exodus c.3 v.22
      Exodus c.11 v.2
      Exodus c.12 v.35-36

      The god ATEN was overthrown @ 1240 B.C.
      After years of persecution the followers of Aten left Egypt IN AN EX-HODOS @ 1210 B.C.

  4. Egyptian permalink

    Dear Ashraf,

    I don’t know how I got to your blog, but let me tell you that I’m really happy that I did,

    Somehow you need to get your posting to greater audience, I’ve been living in the states for 25 yrs and almost fed up with the way the Isrealis control the media and filter all the news and ideas to finally come to their “dream” of concurring Egypt, but shame on us not exposing them the way you do in couple of your blogs. With the new era with free communication through the Internet we can do that, but we need to organize before getting to the public in mass because once “they” sense any risk they will react and you know how they react to anyone threaten their goals.

    Good job and keep on writing please!

    Yours, Egyptian American who still loves the Nile & Alexandria Beaches

    • Hi Egyptian,

      Glad to have received your comment.
      I agree with you that we must cooperate and join forces to expose the Zionist duplicity.
      Well, you could help by subscribing to my website email mewsletter and share my posts and the site with your contacts.

      Thank you

      Salaam

  5. Bob McGhee permalink

    Your expressions of truth are clear and moving. Thank you.

  6. velly gut blog tank yu

  7. I took a class in college, years ago,(62 now) called Bible as History. An ex-nun taught the class. I still remember a few things she told us about the Bible: The Moses story was really a retelling of an ancient Sumerian legend (I forget the Sumerian’s name) who was put in a basket and sent down the river and adopted. So it seems they appropriated this part of Sumerian history and changed the name to Moses. I thought at the time maybe it was accidental, now I am not so sure.
    Another thing she pointed out. In Genesis there are 2 stories of Eden. In the first the verse reads, “Male and female created He them”. Equality of the sexes? She explained that biblical scholars used what they called “strings” – a way of dating when different sections of the Bible were written by the evolutionary changes in language. According to her, the rib story was written 200 years after the original that had male/female created simultaneously.
    I am not a big believer. I find it hard to reconcile my yrs. of experience living in this world to the presented religious view that men are to be in charge of everything. I just can’t help thinking they haven’t done a very good job at it. So though I was willing to consider the existence of a God, I’ve never been able to believe that he/she/it could be the one as presented in the Old Testament.
    I enjoyed your article and hope to read more like it.

    • @ Frances Owens

      While the Hebrews boast of their Bible as the most ancient literary legacy known to mankind, modern archeology and history tell us a different story.
      The Hebrew scribes had incorporated some of the most dramatic myths of the ancient Near East into their Bible, and since there was no respect for copy rights at that remote period of time they didn’t bother to mention the source, and moreover had approprited those stories to be rewritten in their holy book as an Israelite story.
      The Moses story you mentioned is actually the Hebrew adaptation of the famous autobiography of king Sargon of Akkad.

  8. TARIK permalink

    so let me ask u this…..do u dispute the fact that the original Egyptians was black?

  9. Dear Ashraf,

    I will be honest, I did not read everything you wrote (yet), I am simply too busy right now. At a later moment I will take the time to do this and also get books #1 and #4 mentioned by you.

    For now just this : studying Zecharia Sitchin (yes, I know ; a jew) for a long time and reading his 12 books at least 3 times each, got me convinced that parts of the bible (the OT) have a solid historical basis, although there is much distortion as well.

    The Israeli’s were NOT ‘god’s chosen people’, but the people chosen by a minor war lord to serve as ‘cannon fodder’ (avant la lettre) and to conquer nowadays Palestine for him, on the followers of his brother MARDUK. The real name of this ‘minor war lord’ was NOT Yahweh but NERGAL and he was not particularly ‘god the creator’.

    Nergal was a liar, didn’t keep his word, had an inferiority complex, was bold early, had a limp from birth and was not taken seriously by his peers.

    I advise you to read Sitchin and – particularly – with an open mind : for 20 years I refused to look at any of his books, believing he was crazy. Now I really regret I waited so long.

    Pls read ‘Act of god’ by Graham Phillips as well, it explains everything about the ‘plagues’ and their completely natural causes.

    By the way, the picture above does NOT show Tutankhamun, but his brother.

    The real name of Tut/Toth was NINGISZSHIDDA, he constructed the pyramids, but also Stonehenge.

    I tried to find weak spots and inconsistencies in Sitchin’s books, but they were not there. Just one mistake ; the Israelites – the Exodus indeed took place – never crossed the Red Sea, but the Sea of Reeds in the Nile Delta. From there they turned east. They stayed in the desert for a long time, because a terrible bubonic plague pandemic was wiping out people in the inhabited coastal areas by the thousands.

    You know I don’t like the zionists and their eternal lies ; I value truth above all. If by accident they for once speak the truth, I have no problem in admitting this. As some kind of ‘pantheist’ – I believe we are all part of a unified quantum field – I am not in favor of a book like the bible, so it was quite a surprise noticing not everything had been made up.

    There indeed was a FLOOD (11.000 BC) because of the unstable ice cap on the S.Pole plunging into the water and caused 8000 m high tidal waves. The real name of Noah is ZIUSUDRA and he was a Sumerian.

    Cheers,
    DCH

    PS When I was about 13 I tremendously enjoyed- like Nooralhaqiqa – Waltari’s ‘Sinue The Egyptian’ ……………

    • Hello Dirk,

      Welcome to Pyramidion.
      Interesting theories … and I have read some Sitchin, but i couldn’t go all the way through his theses for I’m not really into science fiction and pseudo-history.
      BTW, the above photo shows the golden mask of King Tutankhamun and not his brother. As a matter of fact, King Tut had no brothers
      Peace

      • Hi Ashraf,

        Thanks for reacting.

        It is a pity you don’t appreciate Sitchin, because in the 36 years since his first book was published, he has been corroborated on at least 10 different points, including (1982) a ‘brown dwarf very far away but heading direction earth’.

        You might remember Mr.Wegener and his 1916 thesis of ‘Continental Drift’, ridiculed by his fellow-scientists and costing him his career. After 60 years – when he and all his collegues had died – it became generally accepted.
        BTW Wegener postulated that there IS Continental Drift, thanks to Sitchin I understand WHY there is Continental Drift. He doesn’t discuss it, but it follows logically out of past events in our solar system, as described by him.

        Truth has nothing to do with democracy and therefore I don’t care that so few people value Sitchin’s contribution. Most in my life I have been in 100 to 1 situations and in the end – without an exception – I (the 1-minority) was proved right, although this usually lasted long – 15 years on one occasion.
        So ….. Sitchin is a true scientist, a seeker for truth, who doesn’t stop at the point where he starts undermining his own (and others’) religion.

        You don’t give facts against him either : just qualifications like ‘science-.fiction and pseudo-history’.
        I really TRIED to prove him wrong, but couldn’t. His case is strong.

        Apart from this : the official version of EVERYTHING stinks, whether it is medicine, global warming, Egyptology/history, whatever.
        I used to believe that the horrors of the holocaust were true – 6 million, gas chambers, ovens, etc – now I know that it is just a bunch of (very profitable) zionist lies.

        I’ll check the details of the mask, from whom it really is. It is definitely not Tutankhamun, although official Egyptology claims so.

        Cheers,
        dch

  10. Mike permalink

    I would like to read book (s) which challenge the historicity of the Old Testament in a comprehensive manner. Can you suggest such books? Thanks.

  11. I’d strongly recommend you read “The Bible Unearthed” by Archeologist, Israel Finkelstein and coauthored by American historian, Neil Silberman.

    Also read my post “PASSOVER: Denying The Holocaust of Ancient Israelites”
    http://ashraf62.wordpress.com/2011/05/02/passover-denying-the-holocaust-of-ancient-israelites/

  12. Big Fish permalink

    Interesting the hebrew narrative won out: jews enslaved by egyptians, etc.
    Looking at the evidence, the same can be said of the “holocaust” and third reich germany.

  13. Walter permalink

    Israel’s “claim” to Palestine is based entirely on War Crimes and GENOCIDE.
    It is UNFAIR and WRONG to compare Israel to the Nazis.
    The CORRECT comparison is Nazis to Israelis:
    The Nazis copied the Jewish “Manual” point by point
    KILL THE SICK and CRIPPLED
    Numbers c.5 v.2-4
    KILL HOMOSEXUALS
    Leviticus c.20 v.13 well, really the whole chapter
    KILL ALL DISSIDENTS:
    Exodus c.32 v.27
    Numbers c.11 v.1-2
    Numbers c.16 all
    Numbers c.21 v.5-6
    Numbers v.26 v.10
    KILL anyone who engages in “DIVERSITY” or “INTEGRATION”
    Numbers v25 v.4-8
    Deuteronomy c.14 v.2
    DEHUMANIZE and then EXTERMINATE ALL NON-MEMBERS:
    Numbers c.21 v.03 Canaanites
    Numbers c.21 v.24 Amorites
    Numbers c.21 v.33-35 Bashan
    Numbers c.31 all Midianites
    Numbers c.32 v. more Amorites
    Deuteronomy c.2 v.34 People of Heshbon
    Deuteronomy c.3 v.6 really the whole chapter. threescore cities
    Joshua c.12 A list of victims of Israeli GENOCIDE
    Where are THEIR “holocaust” Memorials!
    OCCUPY YOUR VICTIM’S DWELLINGS/LAND
    Numbers c.21 v.25
    Numbers c.32 v.39
    Numbers c.33 v.53
    (just to name a FEW)
    GENOCIDE CODIFIED IN THEIR RELIGION
    Numbers c.33 v.31-34
    Deuteronomy c.7 v.2
    Deuteronomy c.12 v.28-30
    Deuteronomy c.20 v.11-16
    TERRORISM CODIFIED IN THEIR RELIGION
    Deuteronomy c.2 v.2
    Deuteronomy c.7 v.1
    Jews SELF-anointed “The CHOSEN People of GOD”
    Nazis SELF-anointed “The GENETICALLY CHOSEN People of God”.

  14. Yes you are Semi-Correct in that it was used as a word to describe the ” Great House” – Though by the middle of the 18th dynasty was a term widely and almost exclusively used to denote the King. So pharoah is/was a term used in describing the ruling king of Egypt!

    • If we’re talkinng 18th dynasty, then, we have to re-examine the Amarna letter- royal correspondence of the court of king Akhenaten. And in those letters, I assure you, Akhenaten was never addressed as pharaoh.

  15. Jim permalink

    The Maori of New Zealand tell a different story.
    They say they originally were from Assyria
    They say they had to leave Assyria
    because of famine.
    They went to Egypt where they hired onto construction
    projects. They were known as great builders.
    After a time they tired of Egypt.
    They had a great leader named Mohi.

    After several plagues which the Egyptians associated
    with them, they returned to Assyria.

    They overpopulated their old homeland in Assyria
    They went north through the land of the
    and Scythians then west
    The Maori claim to be Brown Maoris.
    They claim that white Maoris constantly harassed
    them on their way west and would
    not let them settle.


    Maori Symbolism(1926) by Etta Rout

  16. Alberto Martinez permalink

    As a child I stood a few feet away from King Ramses I founder of the 18th Dynasty and father of Ramses II. It was at Niagara Falls in a curio museum. Of course it was not known at this time, the 1950s that the mummy was of royal birth. Ramses I was identified many years later. Apparently the position of his crossed arms identified him as a royal.

    I have also had the priviledge of viewing the Rosetta Stone in London, England. Very awesome.

    Having casually read and studied Egyptology for years has led me to wonder the following. Why is Tutmosis (born of Toth) pronounced Tut-Mosis while Ramses (born of Ra) prounced Ram-e-sess? Should he not be known as Ramses (ra-
    moses)?

    Does mosis (moses) mean born of?

    • No, it doesn’t.
      Tuthmosis (Born of the god Thoth) is the Greek name for this warrior king. He is also known as Thutmose III, or Thutmosis. But his Egyptian Throne name was Men-kheper-re (Lasting is the Manifestation of Re). And like wise, Ramses II’s throne name is (USERMAATRE-SETEPENRE)

      • Alberto Martinez permalink

        Dr. Ashraf Ezzat,

        So is it safe to assume that mosis (moses) is of greek origin and was not extant as a word or royal title in ancient Egypt?

        Also thank you for an informitive and well written article. I look forward to more of the same.

        Peace

  17. Liam permalink

    you really need to check out the work of alan wilson and baram blackett as well as the history of the stone of destiny…the ten tribes included the Welsh/Cymru people who trace their lineage back to solomon and back even before him to moses…also, the stone of destiny, from the strata of Bethel somehow made its way to Tara then to Westminster Abbey before being stolen in the 50s by Scottish nationalists

    history is much more complex and palpable than you portray it here. btw, i have only mentioned a small sampling of the evidence suggesting the true Israelites were in Wales until outsiders usurped the kingdom around 1300

    also, any archaeological dates relating to egypt are completely made up because of fudge factors added into the carbon dating formulas…veilikovsky should be a good resource as wells as wilson and blackett

    • “The work of alan wilson and baram blackett” … Unfortunately, I don’t have the slightest interest in Science fiction nor Pseudo-science.

    • Walter permalink

      – the so-called “Lost Tribes” were the Tribes that STAYED in Babylon when the rest returned to Palestine from their “captivity”. They were LOST TO ISRAEL. They decided their horrible captivity in Babylon was preferable to going back to Palestine. This is all well known. There were no other “lost tribes”.

  18. This is quite the read, I must say. Funny thing… Topple the basic premises of Judaism and you topple the premises of Christianity and Islam. Not only is Hebrew history changed, all of Western history changes. What to do…. Hmmm…

    Good stuff. Not certain of the complete validity. Would have to do more research. But interesting nonetheless.

  19. Is there a possibility that the Hebrew legend of the Exodus is actually a racial memory of being part of the Hyksos invasion of Egypt and their occupation of Lower Egypt? The Hyksos invaded from the East and when they were driven out they returned to the East. Some, undoubtedly remained as workers and may well have departed later, but certainly NOT at the time the Hebrews claim, As far as I am aware slavery was introduced into Egypt by invaders far later than the OT account would have us believe.

  20. Where can I get a book that tells the true story of the ancient Egyptians?

  21. I find it interesting that no references or external sources of any kind were used to create this seemingly enlightening opinion. I also find it interesting that the author spent the majority of the time using intellectual jargon (with some minor grammatical errors) to bash evidence for biblical history instead of doing some quality research on Egypt and valid archeological finds. I was trying to do research on Ancient Egypt for my art history class and came upon this website. It is amazing what you can unintentionally find on the internet…

    • Right you are, Mrs. Mckoy, it is really amazing what, and who, you can occasionlly bump into on the cyber space. I think you need to re-read my piece … and pay special attention to those chracters in blue, called links.

  22. Haruna Babale permalink

    Hi Dr. Ashraff, I found it interesting reading your piece, but I am still sceptical whether the bible we read today is not distorted by the selfish Israelis. Please help me with some details. Please make more effort to reach wider audience, as time dissipates, the jewish long planned conspiracy will be exposed. More grease to your elbows!

  23. Hi Dr. Ashraf Ezzat,

    Thank you for this illuminating post on ancient Egypt! I study archaeology, but this I did not know. Thanks for clearing things up! I share your blog on my fb.

    All the best,
    Remco

  24. Jim Long, author of RIDDLE OF THE EXODUS permalink

    With all due respect to you Dr., you have only supported the thesis that the ancient Hebrews honored the office of the Egyptian King by calling him Pharaoh. As you state:

    “…refer to the president of the United States and his inner circle of high officials as the white house, in the ancient world and especially amongst the Asiatic foreigners they referred to the mighty king of Egypt and his court of priests and commanders as the great house. And just as the white house is not the title of the president of United States so the “pr – aa” was not the name of the ruler of ancient Egypt.”

    The Hebrews used this honorific—just as you state above—to address or refer to him indirectly, so as not to invoke one of his five royal names. If you would read any of the accounts of interaction related in the Torah between such figures as Abraham, Joseph and Moses, the never addressed the Egyptian ruler as anything but “King” (melekh in Hebrew) or Paro. In fact, there is a misconception that the Torah mentions Pharaoh Rameses, a name that appears only four times in the Torah—all four references to Rameses are simply geographic designations of a district in the Nile Delta sometimes called “Goshen” or “Kessen”.

    On a very mundane level, you and I both know that the ancient Egyptian word for the ruler was obviously not “king” and just as the Torah was written for a people who spoke Hebrew it follows that Hebraic words were employed–in the very same way that I’m not using the French word “roi” because I’m not writing for a French reader. The Torah therefore employs the honorific recognized for its intended Hebrew reader.

    Finally, you also know that, beginning with the Old Kingdom, the king was worshipped as the Great Bull, so have you ever considered that due to the shared origins of ancient Hebrew and Egyptian that the origin of the Hebrew word “Paro” was a combination of the Hebrew word “par” meaning a cow or a bull and “rah” meaning great?

    • Mr. Long,

      Thank you for your interesting comment.
      Your thesis is somehow incorrect; the kings of ancient Egypt during the time of Abraham, Joseph and Moses are constantly addressed with the title ‘Pharaoh’ in the Bible.
      According to the book of Exodus, the king who ruled Egypt in Moses’ time was also referred to as Pharaoh. He is addressed as Pharaoh 128 times.
      And one more thing, I don’t agree to your hypothesis that Ancient Egyptians and Hebrews had shared origins.
      Greetings

      • Jim Long, author of RIDDLE OF THE EXODUS permalink

        Dr. Ezzat,
        You have somehow misunderstood my post, read it again, I stated, “…. such figures as Abraham, Joseph and Moses, the never addressed the Egyptian ruler as anything but “King” (melekh in Hebrew) or “Paro”

        Read the last word…it’s ” Paro” —-PARO is the Hebraic and original pronounciation of the the word “Pharaoh”.

  25. Chuchee Mguchee permalink

    Thank you for sharing.

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