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BLS News Release Washington, D.C. 20212 DOL Logo
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Employment Situation Summary

Technical information:
   Household data:  (202) 691-6378    USDL 07-0159
           http://www.bls.gov/cps/

   Establishment data:    691-6555    Transmission of material in this release
           http://www.bls.gov/ces/    is embargoed until 8:30 A.M. (EST),
Media contact:            691-5902    Friday, February 2, 2007.
                                        
                                        
                     THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION:  JANUARY 2007

   Nonfarm payroll employment rose by 111,000 in January, and the unemployment
rate was essentially unchanged at 4.6 percent, the Bureau of Labor Statistics
of the U.S. Department of Labor reported today.  Job growth continued in sev-
eral service-providing industries over the month, and construction employment
also rose.  The number of manufacturing jobs continued to decline.
   
Unemployment (Household Survey Data)
   
   The number of unemployed persons (7.0 million) and the unemployment rate
(4.6 percent) were about unchanged in January.  Over the month, the unemploy-
ment rate for Hispanics (5.7 percent) increased, while the rates for the other
major worker groups--adult men (4.1 percent), adult women (4.0 percent), teen-
agers (15.0 percent), whites (4.1 percent), and blacks (8.0 percent)--were
little changed.  The unemployment rate for Asians was 3.2 percent, not season-
ally adjusted.  (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)


Total Employment and the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)
   
   In January, both total employment (146.0 million) and the employment-popu-
lation ratio (63.3 percent) were essentially unchanged.  The civilian labor
force (153.0 million) and the labor force participation rate (66.3 percent)
were also about the same as in December.  The participation rate in January
was 0.3 percentage point higher than a year earlier.  (See table A-1.)
   
Persons Not in the Labor Force (Household Survey Data)
   
   About 1.6 million persons (not seasonally adjusted) were marginally at-
tached to the labor force in January--essentially unchanged from a year ago.
These individuals wanted and were available for work and had looked for a job
sometime in the prior 12 months.  They were not counted as unemployed, because
they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.  Among the
marginally attached, there were 442,000 discouraged workers in January, about
the same as a year earlier.  Discouraged workers were not currently looking for
work specifically because they believed no jobs were available for them.  The
other 1.1 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in January had
not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as
school attendance or family responsibilities.  (See table A-13.)
   
   
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------
   |                Establishment and Household Data Changes               |
   |                                                                       |
   |   The establishment survey data in this release have been revised     |
   | as a result of the annual benchmarking process and the updating of    |
   | seasonal adjustment factors.  See the note beginning on page 5 for    |
   | more information on the revisions.                                    |
   |    In addition, household survey data for January 2007 reflect updated|
   | population controls.  See the note on page 6 for more information.    |
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------

                                  - 2 -

Table A.  Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)
_______________________________________________________________________________
                         |    Quarterly    |                          |
                         |    averages     |       Monthly data       |
                         |_________________|__________________________|  Dec.-
        Category         |      2006       |        2006     |  2007  |  Jan.
                         |_________________|_________________|________| change
                         |   III  |   IV   |  Nov.  |  Dec.  |  Jan.  |
 ________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________
     HOUSEHOLD DATA      |                 Labor force status
                         |_____________________________________________________
Civilian labor force ....| 151,703| 152,425| 152,449| 152,775| 152,974|    (1)
  Employment ............| 144,618| 145,629| 145,623| 145,926| 145,957|    (1)
  Unemployment ..........|   7,086|   6,797|   6,826|   6,849|   7,017|    (1)
Not in labor force ......|  77,464|  77,471|  77,456|  77,333|  77,676|    (1)
                         |________|________|________|________|________|_______
                         |                 Unemployment rates
                         |_____________________________________________________
All workers .............|     4.7|     4.5|     4.5|     4.5|     4.6|    0.1
  Adult men .............|     4.0|     3.9|     3.9|     4.0|     4.1|     .1
  Adult women ...........|     4.2|     3.9|     4.0|     3.9|     4.0|     .1
  Teenagers .............|    16.1|    15.1|    15.1|    15.2|    15.0|    -.2
  White .................|     4.1|     3.9|     3.9|     4.0|     4.1|     .1
  Black or African       |        |        |        |        |        |
    American ............|     9.1|     8.5|     8.6|     8.4|     8.0|    -.4
  Hispanic or Latino     |        |        |        |        |        |
    ethnicity ...........|     5.3|     4.8|     5.0|     4.9|     5.7|     .8
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________
  ESTABLISHMENT DATA (2) |                     Employment
                         |_____________________________________________________
Nonfarm employment.......| 136,442|p136,944| 136,941|p137,147|p137,258|   p111
  Goods-producing (3)....|  22,625| p22,540|  22,525| p22,522| p22,529|     p7
    Construction ........|   7,716|  p7,694|   7,683|  p7,693|  p7,715|    p22
    Manufacturing .......|  14,218| p14,145|  14,143| p14,125| p14,109|   p-16
  Service-providing (3)..| 113,817|p114,404| 114,416|p114,625|p114,729|   p104
    Retail trade (4).....|  15,298| p15,313|  15,328| p15,314| p15,318|     p4
    Professional and     |        |        |        |        |        |
      business services .|  17,615| p17,729|  17,726| p17,800| p17,825|    p25
    Education and health |        |        |        |        |        |
      services ..........|  17,889| p18,021|  18,018| p18,068| p18,099|    p31
    Leisure and          |        |        |        |        |        |
      hospitality .......|  13,184| p13,315|  13,324| p13,364| p13,387|    p23
    Government ..........|  22,030| p22,104|  22,106| p22,107| p22,121|    p14
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________
                         |                  Hours of work (5)
                         |_____________________________________________________
Total private ...........|    33.8|   p33.9|    33.8|   p33.9|   p33.8|  p-0.1
  Manufacturing .........|    41.3|   p41.1|    41.0|   p41.0|   p40.8|   p-.2
    Overtime ............|     4.4|    p4.2|     4.1|    p4.2|    p4.1|   p-.1
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________
                         |   Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(5)
                         |_____________________________________________________
Total private ...........|   106.0|  p106.5|   106.3|  p106.8|  p106.7|  p-0.1
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________
                         |                     Earnings (5)
                         |_____________________________________________________
Average hourly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |
  total private .........|  $16.84| p$17.00|  $16.99| p$17.06| p$17.09| p$0.03
Average weekly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |
  total private .........|  569.64| p575.62|  574.26| p578.33| p577.64|  p-.69
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________

   1 Changes in household data levels are not shown due to the introduction of
updated population controls. See the note on page 6 for more information.
   2 Establishment data have been revised to reflect March 2006 benchmark levels
and updated seasonal adjustment factors.  See the note on page 5 for more
information.
   3 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
   4 Quarterly averages and the over-the-month change are calculated using
unrounded data.
   5 Data relate to private production and nonsupervisory workers.
  p = preliminary.

                                  - 3 -
   
Industry Payroll Employment (Establishment Survey Data)

   In January, total payroll employment increased by 111,000, to 137.3 million,
seasonally adjusted.  This increase followed gains of 196,000 in November and
206,000 in December (as revised).  In 2006, payroll employment rose by an aver-
age of 187,000 per month.  In January, employment continued to increase in some
service-providing industries.  In addition, construction employment was up, while
manufacturing employment continued to trend down.  (See table B-1.)
   
   In the service-providing sector, health care employment was up by 18,000 in
January, following a gain of 43,000 in December.  In 2006, health care employ-
ment increased by an average of 28,000 a month.  In January, employment con-
tinued to trend up in hospitals, ambulatory health care, and nursing and res-
idential care facilities.
   
   Professional and business services employment continued to trend up in
January (+25,000), following large gains that averaged 69,000 in the prior
2 months.  Within this industry, employment in architectural and engineering
services rose by 9,000 over the month.
   
   Food services employment was up by 21,000 in January.  Over the past 12
months, the industry added 347,000 jobs.  Employment continued to expand over
the month in transportation and warehousing; the industry has gained 116,000
jobs over the year.
   
   Elsewhere in the service-providing sector, employment was essentially
unchanged over the month in both wholesale and retail trade.  Employment
in financial activities was about unchanged; within the industry, insurance
carriers lost 6,000 jobs.  In information, employment was little changed
following a large increase in December.
   
   In the goods-producing sector, construction employment was up by 22,000
in January.  Employment gains in nonresidential building (9,000) and in
nonresidential specialty trade contracting (19,000) more than offset small
declines in residential construction.  Since its peak in February 2006,
residential specialty trade contracting has lost 104,000 jobs while its
nonresidential counterpart has added 126,000 jobs.
   
                                  - 4 -
   
   Manufacturing employment continued to trend down over the month.  Job
losses continued in motor vehicles and parts (-23,000), in furniture and re-
lated products (-4,000), and in textile mills (-4,000).  Computer and peri-
pheral equipment lost 6,000 jobs over the month.  An increase in plastics and
rubber employment reflected the return of workers from a strike.  Elsewhere
in the goods-producing sector, mining employment was essentially unchanged.
   
Weekly Hours (Establishment Survey Data)
   
   The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory workers on private
nonfarm payrolls fell by 0.1 hour to 33.8 hours in January.  Weekly hours for
factory workers declined by 0.2 hour to 40.8 hours, while factory overtime
hours decreased by 0.1 hour to 4.1 hours.  Since peaking in July, the factory
workweek fell by 0.7 hour.  (See table B-2.)
   
   The index of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers
fell by 0.1 percent in January to 106.7 (2002=100).  The manufacturing index
fell by 0.8 percent to 94.4.  (See table B-5.)
   
Hourly and Weekly Earnings (Establishment Survey Data)
   
   Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers on private
nonfarm payrolls increased by 3 cents, or 0.2 percent, in January to $17.09.
This increase followed a gain of 7 cents in December.  Average weekly earnings
fell by 0.1 percent in January to $577.64.  Over the year, both hourly earnings
and weekly earnings rose by 4.0 percent.  (See table B-3.)


                         ______________________________


   The Employment Situation for February 2007 is scheduled to be released on
Friday, March 9, at 8:30 A.M. (EST).

                                  - 5 -

                     Revisions to Establishment Survey Data

  In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data have been
revised to reflect comprehensive universe counts of payroll jobs, or benchmarks.
These counts are derived principally from unemployment insurance tax records for
March 2006.  As a result of the benchmark process, all not seasonally adjusted
data series were subject to revision from April 2005 forward, the time period
since the last benchmark was established.  In addition, with this release, the
seasonally adjusted establishment survey data from January 2002 forward were
subject to revision due to the introduction of updated seasonal adjustment
factors.
  
  Table B presents revised total nonfarm employment data on a seasonally
adjusted basis for January through December 2006.  The revised data for April
2006 forward incorporate the effect of applying the rate of change measured by
the sample to the new benchmark level, as well as updated net business birth/
death model adjustments and new seasonal adjustment factors.  The November and
December 2006 revisions also reflect the routine incorporation of additional
sample receipts into the November final and December second preliminary esti-
mates.  The total nonfarm employment level for March 2006 was revised upward
by 752,000 (754,000 on a seasonally adjusted basis).  The previously published
level for December 2006 was revised upward by 981,000 (933,000 on a seasonally
adjusted basis).
   
  The February 2007 issue of Employment and Earnings will contain an article
that discusses the benchmark and post-benchmark revisions.  This issue also
will provide revised estimates for all regularly published tables containing
national establishment survey data on employment, hours, and earnings.  LABSTAT,
the BLS public database on the Internet, contains all revised historical Current
Employment Statistics (CES) data.  The data, as well as the Employment and
Earnings article and accompanying tables, can be accessed through the CES
homepage at http://www.bls.gov/ces/.  Information on the revisions released
today also may be obtained by calling (202) 691-6555.

   

   Table B.  Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2006,
   seasonally adjusted
   
   (In thousands)
   _______________________________________________________________________
                  |                     |
                  |       Levels        |      Over-the-month changes
                  |---------------------|---------------------------------
    Year and month|    As    |    As    |    As    |    As    |
                  |previously|  revised |previously|  revised | Difference
                  |published |          |published |          |
   _______________|__________|__________|__________|__________|___________
         2006     |          |          |          |          |
   January........|  134,530 |  135,110 |    154   |   206    |     52
   February.......|  134,730 |  135,410 |    200   |   300    |    100
   March..........|  134,905 |  135,659 |    175   |   249    |     74
   April..........|  135,017 |  135,803 |    112   |   144    |     32
   May............|  135,117 |  135,906 |    100   |   103    |      3
   June...........|  135,251 |  136,030 |    134   |   124    |    -10
   July...........|  135,374 |  136,252 |    123   |   222    |     99
   August.........|  135,604 |  136,438 |    230   |   186    |    -44
   September......|  135,807 |  136,636 |    203   |   198    |     -5
   October........|  135,893 |  136,745 |     86   |   109    |     23
   November.......|  136,047 |  136,941 |    154   |   196    |     42
   December(p)....|  136,214 |  137,147 |    167   |   206    |     39
   -----------------------------------------------------------------------
      p = preliminary.

                                  - 6 -

          Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey

  Effective with data for January 2007, updated population controls have been
used in the household survey.  Population controls for the household survey are
developed by the U.S. Census Bureau.  Each year, the Census Bureau updates the
controls to reflect new information and assumptions about the growth of the
population.  The change in population reflected in the new controls results from
adjustments to the estimates of net international migration and updated vital
statistics information.

   Official population and labor force estimates for December 2006 and earlier
months will not be revised.  To assess the impact of the updated population
controls on trend growth, however, December 2006 estimates for selected data
series (not seasonally adjusted) were recalculated using the new controls.  The
differences from estimates based on the old controls are shown in table C.  The
adjustments increased the estimated size of the civilian noninstitutional popu-
lation by 321,000, of the civilian labor force by 163,000, and of employment by
153,000; the new population controls had a negligible impact on unemployment
rates and other percentage estimates.  Table D shows the effect of the intro-
duction of new population controls on the over-the-month changes between Decem-
ber 2006 and January 2007.  More detailed information on the population adjust-
ments and their effect on national labor force estimates is available at
http://www.bls.gov/cps/cps07adj.pdf on the Internet and also will be published
in the February 2007 issue of Employment and Earnings.


   Table C.  Effect of the revised population controls on December 2006 
   estimates by sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally 
   adjusted
     
   (Numbers in thousands)
   ________________________________________________________________________
                            |     |   |     |     |        |     |
                            |     |   |     |     |Black or|     | Hispanic
           Category         |Total|Men|Women|White| African|Asian|or Latino
                            |     |   |     |     |American|     |ethnicity
   _________________________|_____|___|_____|_____|________|_____|_________
                            |     |   |     |     |        |     |
   Civilian noninstitutional|     |   |     |     |        |     |
      population............| 321 |123| 198 | 215 |     6  | 110 |    188
     Civilian labor force...| 163 | 73|  90 | 101 |    -3  |  74 |    133
       Employed.............| 153 | 68|  85 |  94 |    -4  |  72 |    124
       Unemployed...........|  10 |  6|   4 |   8 |     1  |   2 |      9
         Unemployment rate..|  .0 | .0|  .0 |  .0 |    .0  |  .0 |     .0
   _________________________|_____|___|_____|_____|________|_____|_________
   
      NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African
   American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented
   for all races.  In addition, persons whose ethnicity is identified as
   Hispanic or Latino may be of any race and, therefore, are classified by
   ethnicity as well as by race.
   
                                  - 7 -
   
   Table D.  Effect of the revised population controls on the December 2006-
   January 2007 over-the-month changes in selected labor force measures
   
   (Numbers in thousands)
   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         |           |          | 
                                         | Dec.-Jan. |   2007   |  
                  Category               |  change,  |population| Adjusted
                                         |    as     | control  | Dec.-Jan.  
                                         | published |  effect  |  change
                                         |           |          |   
   --------------------------------------|-----------|----------|------------
                                         |           |          |
   Civilian noninstitutional population..|    542    |    321   |    221
     Civilian labor force................|    199    |    163   |     36
         Participation rate..............|    -.1    |     .0   |    -.1
       Employed..........................|     31    |    153   |   -122
         Employment-population ratio.....|    -.1    |     .0   |    -.1
       Unemployed........................|    168    |     10   |    158
         Unemployment rate...............|     .1    |     .0   |     .1
   --------------------------------------------------------------------------
   
   
   
   

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: February 02, 2007

 

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