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June 2001
Please note that even if we do not send individual invitations to our activities,
you are welcome to visit any of the events listed below.
Thursday 7 June 11 a.m.
Fellow Seminar
Krisztina Keresztély
The Role of the State in the Urban Development of Budapest: almost 130 Years of History
This study intends to give a picture of the long−term urban development of Budapest, from the
moment of the formation of the capital in the last third of the 19
century until very recent days. This
historical overview focuses on different kinds of relationships between the central government and
the municipality of the capital city. The changes of the political and economic relationship between
the municipality and the central government are reflected in the urban landscape through the
character, the actors and the forms of the largest urban investments. In my presentation, these
changes will be shown in the case of Budapest, which, during the 130 years of its "modern" history
has crossed four political transitions, four different types of relationship between state and capital
Thursday 7 June 5.30 p.m.
Public Lecture
János Kornai
Transformation with or without Democracy? Reflections after a Visit to Vietnam
Transformation of the economy in Vietnam has preceded apace in recent years: the share of the
private sector is growing, foreign capital is flowing in, and market coordination applies ever more
widely. On the other hand, there has not been an institutionalized political reform, although the
dictatorship is softer than it used to be.
There are similarities between the Vietnamese and the Chinese changes, but there are differences
as well. The special problems of the transformation in them deserve particular attention because of
the importance of these two countries.
The interaction of politics and the economy needs emphasizing. What is the relation between
economic and political transformation? Can there be a market economy without democracy? Can
there be democracy without a market economy? These questions are vitally important to the political
forces and peoples of these countries. They are also of great significance beyond the borders of
their region, to the foreign policy of other parts of the world and to a theoretical understanding of the
Tuesday 12 June 5.30 p.m.
Panel Discussion and Concert
Presentation of the intellectual and musical works by Ernest Manheim
Organised by Frank Baron (University of Kansas City)
Panel Discussion
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Szentháromság utca 2
H−1014 Budapest
Tel (361) 224 83 00
Fax (361) 224 83 10

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Participants: Tibor Frank (ELTE), Gábor Felkai (ELTE), Éva Gábor (Technical University of
Camerata Lawrence: Angela McComas − Flute; Eric Williams − Violin; Merav Singer − Violin;
Elena Kraineva − Viola; Michele Bergman − Cello.
On the programm:. Ernest Manheim, Aaron Copland, Duke Ellington, George Gershwin
Thursday 14 June 11 a.m.
Fellow Seminar
Zoltán Márkus
The Bard in the Age of Digital Reproduction: Appropriating Shakespeare Today
William Shakespeare’s distinguished cultural role is manifested in his status as a powerful icon, one
that arguably represents the very "best" that Western culture has to offer. The cultural operation of
this "icon−Shakespeare" has been described as a "fetish," a "myth," a "secular cult," an "ideology"
even. This presentation will first outline a few theoretical issues about the current workings of the
Shakespeare myth and then will focus on contemporary examples of "Bardolatry" from current film
adaptations of Shakespeare’s plays to the Hollywood hit "Shakespeare in Love," to popular
Shakespeare web−sites, and to a new Budapest restaurant named "Shakespeare."
Tuesday 19 June 5 p.m.
Round Table Discussion
Women Stories, Gender Interpretations
With Judit Frigyesi, Eric D Gordy, Vera Sparschuh, and other invited guests
The goal of the evening is to talk about gender related issues especially as these determine attitudes
in modern life. The evening will open with short presentations. Eric Gordy will consider the
troublesome phenomenon of re−inventing gender roles in the re−traditionalization of states; Vera
Sparschuh will recount how gender−related tension influenced social studies in the DDR; and Judit
Frigyesi will present a new interpretation of Béla Bartók Bluebeard’s Castle with its implication for
past and present fantasies about man and woman. Our special guests and the public are invited to
add short comments summarizing gender problems as related to their scholarly (or other)
Thursday 21 June 6.00 p.m.
Public Lecture
Richard Pra?ak
Tschechisch−ungarische kulturelle und wissenschaftliche Beziehungen seit der Aufklärung
bis zum Jahre 1848
Die Unterschiedlichkeit der tschechischen und ungarischen nationalen Bewegung führte zum
unterschiedlichen Verständnis der gegenseitigen kulturellen und wissenschatlichen Beziehungen.
Während die Tschechen bei den Ungarn eine Unterstützung bei der Lösung schwerwiegender
gesellschaftlicher Fragen suchen (vgl. Z. B. der Widerhall der Reformvorschläge von István
Széchenyi im tschechischen Milieu), machen sich die Ungarn in dieser Zeit erst mit der
tschechischen Wissenschaft und Kultur der Wiedergeburt bekannt und begreifen ihre führende Rolle
in der tschechischen Nationalbewegung in dieser Epoche. Im finden die tschechischen politischen,
auf die Unterstützung der austroslawischen oder gegenseitig slawisch konzentrierten Bemühungen
innerhalb der Habsburger Monarchie bei den Ungarn kein Verständnis, sondern Kritik. Zu einem
engen Bindungsglied der tschechisch−ungarischen Beziehungen dieser Zeit werden vor allem die
kulturellen und wissenschaftlichen Beziehungen; sie sind ausschlaggebend für die ganze Epoche
der tschechisch−ungarischen Beziehungen seit der Aufklärung bis zum Jahre 1848 und haben für
beide Nationen die gleiche Bedeutung wie die traditionellen und langjährigen wirtschaftlichen
Beziehungen. Sie bringen ihre Standpunkte näher und dienen beiden Nationen zur Erreichung der
national−politischen und gesellschaftlichen Emanzipation, nicht nur im mitteleuropäischen Ausma?,

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sondern auch bei der Eingliederung in die neue Konfiguration Europas in der Zeit der Enstehung und
Entwicklung neuzeitlicher Nationen.
Tuesday 26 June 11 a.m.
Fellow Seminar
Eric D. Gordy
Postwar Serbia: Coming to Terms with Guilt and Responsibility
My current research seeks to explore the ways in which political and social actors in contemporary
Serbia are seeking to confront (or sometimes avoid) questions of guilt and responsibility related to
the conduct of the wars of Yugoslavian succession following 1991. The discussion will attempt to
distinguish between the concepts of guilt, which is a legal category, and responsibility, which will be
understood in terms of the moral philosophy elaborated by Karl Jaspers. The state of public opinion
with regard to the guilt of prominent figures and the question of social responsibility will be explored,
in addition to themes such as strategies of denial or forgetting. Comparisons will be drawn between
the process beginning to take shape in Serbia and similar efforts in Argentina, Chile and South
Tuesday 26 June 5.30 p.m.
Public Lecture
François Fejt?
Le diable et la chrétienté
Mon livre sur le diable et la chrétienté, que je suis en train d’écrire, est la suite de l’essai que j’ai
publié pour la première fois en 1960, puis repris en français en 1997; l’année suivante, il a été publié
en italien et en hongrois sous le titre de "Le Juif et le Seigneur" (Editions Logosz).
Le sujet de cet essai est la lutte du peuple juif contre la représentation de leur Dieu et l’alliance
particulière qui lie Abraham et ses descendants à Jahveh. D’emblée, cette alliance est lourde de
contradictions et de conflits − du moins si nous l’observons du point de vue de la Bible.
Il n’est pas surprenant que le judaïsme n’ait eu que très peu de rapports avec le Diable dont la figure
n’apparaît qu’à peine dans l’Ancien Testament. Ce n’est qu’à l’époque chrétienne que l’image du
Diable, tel que nous le connaissons dans notre civilisation (jouant un rôle important et inspirant une
littérature immense), est devenu l’un des agents importants de la vie humaine. Cela est en rapport
avec le fait que le Seigneur, qui est devenu grâce à Jésus l’incarnation de la bonté, devait être
délivré de sa responsabilité pour ce monde, devenu la vallée de la souffrance et le terrain de la
La foi dans le Diable et l’Enfer servait parfaitement à renforcer l’Eglise qui enseignait la crainte de
Dieu, et rendait légitimes les persécutions des païens, des hérétiques, des juifs, etc. L’Eglise pouvait
ainsi continuer en bonne conscience.
Thursday 28 June 11 a.m.
Fellow Seminar
Reinhard Laube
Karl Mannheim’s Shift from Philosophy to the Sociology of Knowledge: Problems of
Focusing on the basic problem of perspectivity, my lecture examines the theoretical background and
the intellectual context of Mannheim’s sociology of knowledge as a response to contemporary
theoretical challenges. First, my emphasis lies on the concept of "crisis of historism" in the discourse
of "fin de siècle" Europe. In a further step, I attempt to illuminate the ways in which Mannheim
discusses and theorises the problem of perspectivity with the aid of his concepts of
"Systematisierung", "Historisierung", "Soziologisierung", "Relationierung" and "Partikularisierung." I
further suggest that the early Hungarian phase of Mannheim’s ?uvre was influenced by "Mystik"−
reception and Béla Zalai’s philosophy of systems. Traces of these also appeared in his work during
his emigration in both Germany and England. Furthermore, I argue that the examination of the
simultaneous unavailability and yet desirability of a universal point of view from which to examine
history, society, and knowledge was central to Karl Mannheim’s theoretical investigations. In

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conclusion, I contrast Mannheim’s sociology of knowledge as a representation of a "reflexive culture"
of his time with contemporary efforts that attempted to find an escape from this form of modernity by
their characteristic "hunger for wholeness" and search for "heroes."
Please note that you can have access to our monthly calendar on our home page as well: