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The Coalition is made up of more than 70 non-governmental organizations (NGOs), fishers' organizations and law and policy institutes, all committed to protecting the deep sea.

A Coordination Team works together with a Steering Group that currently consists of the Ecology Action Centre, Greenpeace International, Marine Conservation Institute, Natural Resources Defense Council, The Pew Charitable Trusts, Seas at Risk and WWF. The DSCC has developed a formidable international team of scientists, policy and communication experts, lawyers and political activists who, on behalf of the deep sea, have established a strong reputation and profile on the issue at the UN and elsewhere.

Coalition Steering Group Members:

Ecology Action Centre
The discovery of deep sea corals, hot smokers, and other fantastic underwater features is transforming society s understanding of the ocean floor. No longer do we consider the seafloor devoid of life and structure. Scientists are determining that many fish species rely on the ocean floor and are recommending to fishery managers that they minimize the impacts of trawling.

In Canada we had some of the richest fishing grounds in the world. Today most are closed due to overfishing and destructive trawling, and many stocks show no sign of recovery more than a decade later. The time to protect high seas habitat from destructive trawling is now.

For 15 years we have been fighting to protect ocean habitat from destructive fishing practices. In 2000 we organized the First International Symposium on Deep Sea Corals. Today, we promote conservation and sustainable fishing practices through research and education.

On our website you will find documents describing the impacts of trawling (or dragging as we call it in Atlantic Canada) including a bibliography of scientific documents. The Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Deep Sea Corals are available from the Centre.

Greenpeace is a non-profit organization, with a presence in 40 countries across Europe, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific. Greenpeace speaks for 2.8 million supporters worldwide, and encourages many millions more to take action every day. As a global organization, Greenpeace focuses on the most crucial worldwide threats to our planet's biodiversity and environment, exposing environmental criminals, and challenging government and corporations when they fail to live up to their mandate to safeguard our environment and our future.

Ancient forests are in danger... deep under the ocean.
Biologists estimate that somewhere between 500,000 and 5,000,000 marine species have yet to be discovered. But these very species are in serious danger from the world's most destructive fishing practice - bottom trawling - and we are campaigning to stop this destruction before it is too late. This is truly the last undiscovered wilderness left on the planet.

Find out more about deep sea life and what you can do to help save it. Or contact your local Greenpeace office.

Marine Conservation Institute (MCI)
Marine Conservation Institute is a leader in the global movement to protect and recover the integrity of vast ocean areas.

We use the latest science to identify important marine ecosystems around the world, and then advocate for their protection, for us and future generations.

Marine Conservation Institute is a nonprofit organization dedicated to saving our living oceans. We work with scientists, politicians, government officials and other organizations around the world to protect essential ocean places and the wild species in them.

Visit our website  to see how MCI protects coral forests and seamounts.

Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)
The Natural Resources Defense Council is a US non-profit organization of scientists, lawyers and environmental specialists dedicated to protecting public health and the environment. Founded in 1970, NRDC has more than 1 million members and e-activists nationwide, served from offices in New York, Washington, Santa Monica and San Francisco.

The Pew Charitable Trusts
The Pew Charitable Trusts, is a non-governmental, non-profit organisation. Pew applies an analytical approach to improving public policy and its implementation. Pew works to support the development and implementation of international policies to protect the world's oceans from destructive human activities.

Seas At Risk
Seas At Risk is an independent non-governmental federation of national and international environmental organisations concerned with the protection and restoration of the marine environment, specifically the waters of the North and Irish Seas and the wider North East Atlantic.

Its participant organisations are primarily nationally based, although some are international groups, and it acts principally as a technical and political platform for environment group intervention at international political and legal meetings of government.

Seas At Risk is currently campaigning to effect international political change on issues as diverse as overfishing and fishing-related damage to the marine environment, pollution from shipping, the harmful effects of offshore oil & gas exploration and exploitation, species & habitat protection, and the introduction of hazardous substances into the marine environment.

WWF is one of the world’s largest and most experienced independent conservation organisations, with over 5 million supporters and a global network active in more than 100 countries.

WWF’s mission is to stop the degradation of the planet’s natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature, by conserving the world’s biological diversity, ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable, and promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption.

The DSCC’s focus on destructive fishing practices and seabed mining align with WWF’s marine priorities. By working together we benefit from the expertise and experience the coalition brings.

Coalition General Members:

The Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition (ASOC)
The Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition's (ASOC's) Southern Ocean Fisheries Campaign works on five continents to stop the Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) fishing that is dramatically depleting toothfish stocks - the most important commercial fish in the Southern Ocean. At the same time, the long-liners are killing thousands of endangered albatrosses and other seabirds each year.

ASOC is also very concerned about the ecological impacts that the action of bottom trawlers may be having in the area, particularly on fragile and unique ecosystems such as sea mounts, which are present in the Southern Ocean. Bottom trawlers scour the bottoms and destroy all marine life present in their paths, not only the target species.

APECE - Portuguese Association for the Study and Conservation of Elasmobranchs
APECE - Portuguese Association for the Study and Conservation of Elasmobranchs, is a non-profit organization dedicated to promote research on sharks and stingrays in Portugal.

Australian Conservation Foundation
The Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF) is Australia's foremost environmental organisation. We are national, non-profit and membership-based, and campaign to protect, restore and sustain the environment. Our vision is to inspire and promote a society that is environmentally aware and responsible. We work to find long term solutions to environmental issues and develop partnerships with community groups, governments and business.

ACF has been at the forefront of marine conservation campaigns to protect the world's whales, the Great Barrier Reef, Shoalwater and Jervis bays, Fraser Island, Hinchinbrook Island and other marine and coastal icons.

In Australia's unique southern seas, home to the feeding grounds of the critically endangered blue whale, ACF is currently working to ensure that each marine habitat is given sufficient protection in marine national parks. Our proposed National Oceans Act would see the waters outside these parks being managed sustainably.

ACF is working to broaden its campaign commitment to marine and coastal conservation and increase community awareness about our remarkable oceans and how to best protect them. As well as our ongoing efforts on marine national parks, oceans legislative reform and regional marine planning, we will also increase our efforts for high seas protection, in the face of overfishing, marine pollution, inappropriate coastal development, introduced marine pests and threats associated with the oil and gas industry.

Australian Marine Conservation Society
The Australian Marine Conservation Society is a not-for-profit charity dedicated to protecting our ocean wildlife. We create marine national parks, save our ocean wildlife and make our fisheries sustainable.

We lobby governments to stop fishing seas below 500m, thus saving our seamounts and fragile deep sea species like orange roughy.

Asociación 4 Paz
Alicante, Spain

Asociacion Argentina de Capitanes, Patrones y Pilotos de Pesca (Argentinean Fishing Captains Association)

The Biological Conservation Research Foundation (BICREF)
After involving volunteers in the Maltese cetacean research project launched in 1996, Dr. Vella founded BICREF in 1998 to promote conservation research and awareness for effective action. BICREF is conducting research into biodiversity and the impacts of fishing/aquaculture in the Mediterranean around Malta. The Cetacean Conservation Research Project has already produced scientific results presented at local and international conferences. The increasing knowledge provided by valuable scientific data may pave the way to more accurate local awareness and conservation management of legally protected species/habitats, such as dolphins and the sea life that sustains them.

BirdLife International
BirdLife International is a global Partnership of conservation organisations that strives to conserve birds, their habitats and global biodiversity, working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources. BirdLife Partners operate in over one hundred countries and territories worldwide. BirdLife Partners collaborate on regional work programmes in almost every continent.

BLOOM Association
Created in 2004 by Claire Nouvian, BLOOM is a non-profit organization whose mission it is to protect the oceans by educating the public about environmental problems, by taking field actions which make a tangible difference, and by lobbying at high political level to catalyze policy change. BLOOM Association has developed its own particular method of informing the public, companies, institutions and leaders about the fragility of oceanic and deepwater environments and the need to protect them.

Starting from the postulate that we only protect what we know and love, BLOOM Association seeks to create ties of affection between the public and the "invisible" marine environment, viewing emotion as the indispensable preamble to protection. By reconnecting adults and children everywhere with nature, with the irreplaceable emotions and beauty it bestows, BLOOM aspires to raising the global level of awareness about our interactions with the oceans.

  The Cat Point Creek Research Project
Virginia, USA

CeDePesca (Spanish)
English version
CeDePesca, Centre in Defence of National Fisheries, is a Non-Governmental Organization whose headquarters are in Mar del Plata, the main fishing port in the country. Its mission is to work for a socially, economically and ecologically sustainable fishing activity.

Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)
The Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL) is dedicated to using international law and institutions to protect the global environment and human health, while promoting sustainable development.

Our work is designed to promote a just and sustainable society that is based on principles of ecology and justice, that respects local communities, and that lives within the limits of the global ecosystem. We are guided by the conviction that transparency and public participation in decision-making are of fundamental importance.

CIEL is currently conducting work on trade and other issues related to protecting marine living resources and on the ratification by the United States of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.

Centro de Conservacion Cetacea (CCC)
Centro de Conservacion Cetacea (CCC) works for the conservation of marine mammals and their
aquatic environment, promoting sustainable and non-harmful activities.

CCC also works to strengthen the national and international cooperation between governmental and non
governmental organizations, so that together we can implement solutions to the threats facing marine mammals today.

CCC considers it extremely important to increase public awareness and the participation of the Latin-American region in conservation issues related to marine mammals and their aquatic ecosystems, through the dissemination of scientific, legal and ethical information in Spanish.

Centro Ecoceanos
Centro Ecoceanos for Conservation and Sustainable Development, is an independent, non governmental, non-profit organization based in Chile, working to promote conservation and sustainable management of coastal and ocean ecosystems, the strengthening of public participation in decision-making related to those ecosystems, and the sustainable development of artisanal fisheries and local costal communities. Through the development of research projects, environmental education, communication activities, and citizens’ campaigns for environmental protection, Centro Ecoceanos has been encouraging public engagement in issues affecting costal and ocean ecosystems both at the local level and worldwide. In this context, Centro Ecoceanos actively supports the Deep Sea Conservation Coalition's call for a moratorium on bottom trawling activities on the high seas.

Centro Mexicano de Derecho Ambiental (Spanish)

Coalition Clean Baltic (CCB)
In Helsinki, February 1990, non-governmental environmental organizations from the countries of the Baltic Sea Region united and established Coalition Clean Baltic (CCB) in order to co-operate in activities concerning the Baltic Sea. CCB is a politically independent, non-profit association. Currently CCB unites 26 member organizations from Finland, Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Germany, Denmark, Sweden. Together the member organisations of CCB have over half a million members in all countries around the Baltic Sea.

The main goal of CCB is to promote the protection and improvement of the Baltic Sea environment and natural resources.

Conservation International
Conservation International is a leader and catalyst in biodiversity conservation worldwide, engaging partners in more than 40 countries on four continents to preserve species-rich, threatened ecosystems in the biodiversity hotspots, high-biodiversity wilderness areas and key marine environments.

David Suzuki Foundation
The David Suzuki Foundation works through science and education to protect the diversity of nature and our quality of life, now and for the future. Since 1990, the David Suzuki Foundation has worked to find ways for society to live in balance with the natural world that sustains us. Focusing on four program areas — oceans and sustainable fishing, forests and wild lands, climate change and clean energy, and the web of life — the Foundation uses science and education to promote solutions that help conserve nature. Our work on oceans issues includes building public awareness about the state of ocean ecosystems and fish stocks and promoting changes in consumer behaviour to decrease the consumption of marine species that are not managed sustainably or that are caught through methods that damage ocean habitat. We are also working to reform Canadian fisheries policies.

Deep Sea Mining Campaign
The Deep Sea Mining (DSM) Campaign is an association of NGOs and citizens from the Pacific Islands, Australia and Canada concerned about the likely impacts of deep sea mining on marine and coastal ecosystems and communities. The goal of our campaign is to develop an active, broad-based and informed Civil Society response to Deep Sea Mining in the Pacific region and internationally

Our unique approach combines grassroots community development with regional policy interventions, and human rights and science based advocacy. Our aim is to enable Free Prior and Informed Consent from affected communities and the application of the Precautionary Principle in decision-making about deep sea mining.

The earth is a planet of water: 60 percent of the surface belongs to the high and deep seas. This ecosystem is the largest realm on earth for millions of plants and animals, a major actor in the dynamics of the global climate. It is also a rich resource for the growing demands of the world's increasing population. But the oceans are daily under strong attack: pollution and mismanagement of marine resources threaten the fragile balance of this unique biotope.

Only with united conservation efforts at national and international level can this environmental degradation of the high seas be stopped.

DEEPWAVE was founded in the spring of 2003 in order to develop and enforce environmental tools to protect the ecosystem of the high and deep seas. Our aims are to:

- enhance awareness of threats to the marine environment
- pressure political parties to develop further solutions to these threats
- promotes scientific research and its dissemination
- provide an organisational framework for information and opinions on marine conservation issues.

Earthworks is a nonprofit organization dedicated to protecting communities and the environment from the adverse impacts of mineral and energy development while promoting sustainable solutions. We fulfill our mission by working with communities and grassroots groups to reform government policies, improve corporate practices, influence investment decisions and encourage responsible materials sourcing and consumption. The organization was founded in 1988 and is headquartered in the United States.

DEPANA works on marine issues especially at coastal level as part of the organisation's nature conservation programme.

Ecologistas en Acción
Ecologistas en Acción is a grassroots Spanish environmental federation. Ecologistas are part of the so-called social environmentalism that considers both environmental and social problems stemming from a pattern of increasingly globalised production and consumption. Therefore, besides organizing initiatives in many Spanish Regions on "traditional" environmental issues (energy, water, wastes, nature conservation, transport and urbanism, seas and coasts, GMOs and so on) they also deal with issues with a socio-economic dimension such as globalisation, pacifism and solidarity.

ECOTERRA Intl. is the Global Society for ECOlogy and sound ECOnomy, an independent, international civil society organisation (CSO) registered as an International non-governmental organisation (INGO).

ECOTERRA's mandate is to care for the natural environment and to safeguard and improve environmental, human and civil rights. We work with governmental as well as non-governmental stakeholders and communities to protect marine ecosystems, to combat destruction and to develop best practices for sustainable use benefitting local communities.

ECOP-marine was created in 2002 and we now work together with the ECOP-marine group of ECOTERRA Int. We are a fully independent group, demanding better protection for the oceans of our earth as well as for its inhabitants, convinced that the continued destruction of the oceans is unacceptable.

ECOP-marine works specifically to protect marine ecosystems and to combat destruction where limited access or other red tape has so far prevented marine conservation from being implemented.

Environment and Conservation Organisations of New Zealand, Inc, (ECO)
Environment and Conservation Organisations of New Zealand, inc, (ECO) is the major national public advocacy umbrella group for environmental and conservation issues in New Zealand. We have some seventy national and regional member organisations with an interest in the environment, conservation and outdoor recreation from throughout New Zealand. Included in our membership is a host of local environmental and conservation organisations, branches of international organisations such as Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth; National Council of Women; some professional organisations; recreational organisations and coalitions including some with a marine focus.

ECO is involved in lobbying Ministers and relevant Government departments and raising awareness through our member organisations about the destructive practice of deep sea bottom trawling. Our involvement in fisheries management processes provides further opportunities.

The Fisheries Secretariat
The Fisheries Secretariat is a non-profit organisation working towards sustainable fisheries in Europe and worldwide. The Stockholm-based Secretariat was set up in 2003 by three environmental NGOs: The Swedish Society for Nature Conservation, WWF Sweden and The Swedish Anglers' Association. It is part-funded by the Swedish Government.

Our long-term goal is healthy seas with thriving fish stocks and great diversity. We would like to see a profitable fishing sector working within the limits of the marine ecosystem, preserving the marine resources as well as their habitats.

Our aim is sustainable use of fish and shellfish with minimal effects on the marine environment. The Secretariat is working towards more sustainable fisheries through information, international co-operation and lobbying at an international level, but with a focus on the European Union.

Find out more about bottom trawling on the high seas and why it's a hot topic by visiting our website.

Forest and Bird
The Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society of New Zealand is New Zealand's largest national conservation organisation. The Society's mission is to preserve and protect the native plants and animals and natural features of New Zealand.

Forest and Bird is active on a wide range of conservation and environmental issues. These include the protection of coastlines, and marine ecosystems, sustainable fisheries, wetlands, native forests, tussock grasslands, energy and resource conservation, and sustainable land management.

Friends of the Earth International
Friends of the Earth International is a federation of autonomous environmental organizations from all over the world. Our 1.5 million members and supporters in 70 countries campaign on the most urgent environmental and social issues of our day, while simultaneously catalyzing a shift toward sustainable societies.

Fundación Cethus
Fundación Cethus was created in 1992 by a group of researchers and specialists focused on diverse disciplines with the aim of researching, spreading information about and conserving the dolphins and whales of the Argentine Sea. Fundación Cethus chose to focus specifically on cetaceans because of the high level these cetaceans occupy in the sea food pyramid, which means that in their environment, they occupy the same level as we humans do in ours.

Fundación Jatun Sacha
Spanish version
English version
Established in 1989, the Jatun Sacha Foundation is a private Ecuadorian non-governmental organization dedicated to the conservation, investigation and management of ecologically important habitats, environmental education and community development.

Since 2000, the Jatun Sacha Foundation is part of a strategic alliance with the Central Corporation for Conservation of Data, CDC- Ecuador, a private non-profit institution dedicated to generating and disseminating research data from all relevant disciplines and cartographic information about biodiversity on the local, regional, and national levels for conservation management applications. The Foundation also maintains affiliations with various national and international institutions.

Fundación Malpelo
The Malpelo and other Marine Ecosystems Foundation is a non-governmental and non-profit organization, created with the purpose of preserving Colombian biological diversity, the conservation of the natural resources and their sustainable use with an emphasis on the marine and coastal environment. The Malpelo Foundation also carries out and supports research and scientific studies. The work is based on the mutual collaboration between researchers and the community, with the aim of achieving the elaboration of guidelines for sustainable development in accordance with the marine resources.

George Institute for Biodiversity and Sustainability (GIBS)
GIBS was founded as a non-profit organization in 2000 by conservation biologist and marine ecologist Prof. Robert Y. George.  Dr. George has taught hundreds of students at baccalaureate, Master's and Ph. D. levels at American Universities around the United States. GIBS is affiliated with European institutions like the Kristineberg Marine Research Station, operated by the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences that awards the Nobel Prizes.

GIBS is dedicated to the conservation of nature, focusing on selected marine ecosystems such as coral reefs, deep-sea, pelagic ecosystems, seamounts and deep-sea coral habitats. GIBS is working, inter alia, to facilitate the establishment of Marine Protected Areas and to conduct original research on deep-sea coral reefs, with several expeditions planned for 2005 and 2006.

GEOTA – Grupo de Estudos de Ordenamento do Território e Ambiente
G.E.O.T.A. is an independent national, non-profit, non-governmental organization. Since 1986, G.E.O.T.A. has been actively involved in every major environmental struggle in Portugal, regarding law and policy, in addition to specific projects. G.E.O.T.A. also conducts ongoing work in the field of environmental education through professional training courses, publications and grassroots projects. The organisation covers a variety of environmental issues, including coastal and marine water protection.

Gesellschaaft zur Rettung der Delphine e.V.
Gesellschaft zur Rettung der Delphine e.V. (GRD) was founded in 1991 as a non-profit organization by Rollo Gebhard, a famous German mariner and documentary filmmaker who sailed three times around the world. GRD is dedicated to the conservation of wild dolphins and their habitats by supporting research, promoting public awareness and lobbying for better protection.

GRD works for a ban of ecologically unacceptable fishing practices, such as driftnets, which cause the senseless death of hundreds of thousands of dolphins, whales, seals, sharks, and seabirds every year, or setting purse-seine nets around dolphin schools to catch tuna.

Global Ocean Trust
Global Ocean Trust is a network of conservationists from around the world keen to support new ideas and implement best practices for pragmatic solutions to ocean challenges. New technologies, partnerships and new sources of finance need to be brought to bear to deliver large-scale marine protection. Through engaging a broad range of public and private partners in protecting the ocean, new opportunities can be created, supporting the marine infrastructure and assisting in addressing key conservation challenges. We work with partners to promote ocean optimism, aiming to improve ocean governance through better regulation and innovative partnerships for implementation.

Groupe d'Étude des Mammifères Marins - G.E.M.M.
Spread over 4.8 million square kilometres, the French Polynesian Marine Mammal Sanctuary is the habitat of more than twenty species of cetaceans. The « Groupe d'Étude des Mammifères Marins — G.E.M.M. » (Marine Mammal Study Group) is a non-profit organization founded in 2009 and dedicated to the conservation of whales and dolphins within the Sanctuary. The G.E.M.M. has been conducting research on bottlenose dolphins, humpback whales as well as other cetacean species in the Society and Tuamotu archipelagoes for more than 5 years. Our work mainly focus on tourism impact on cetacean populations as well as on ever-growing conflicts between marine mammals and fishermen around the islands of Tahiti and Moorea.

International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF)
The International Collective in Support of Fishworkers (ICSF) is an international non-government organization that works towards the establishment of equitable, gender-just,self-reliant and sustainable fisheries, particularly in the small-scale, artisanal sector.

Iceland Nature Conservation Association (INCA)
INCA was established in May 1997 in order campaign against hydrodevelopment plans in the Icelandic highlands. INCA also works on climate and oceans issues in Iceland.

Instituto de Conservación de Ballenas (ICB)
The Instituto de Conservación de Ballenas (Institute for the Conservation of Whales) was set up in 1996 with the aim of protecting whales and their environment through research and education. With its headquarters in Buenos Aires, ICB is the Argentinian representative of the Whale Conservation Institute / Ocean Alliance, an internationally renowned organisation dedicated to the study and protection of whales that was established in the US by Dr. Roger Payne in 1971.

International Fund for Animal Welfare, Latin America (IFAW Latin America)
Three decades ago, a small group of concerned local citizens banded together to stop a massive and brutal commercial hunt for whitecoat harp seals on the eastern coast of Canada, and a new breed of animal advocacy organization was born. IFAW's Latin American office in Mexico City was opened in 2001 after working in the region for several years. Today we are leading several campaigns such as helping to counter an oil industry threat in Costa Rica, reducing pet overpopulation in Mexico City, and building marine awareness in the Caribbean.

International Ocean Institute
Founded in 1972, the International Ocean Institute was founded is a knowledge-based non-governmental, non-profit international organisation devoted to the sustainable development of the oceans. With headquarters in Malta and operational centres located in 23 countries around the world, the International Ocean Institute has consultative status at the United Nations.

The Mission of the International Ocean Institute is two fold:
- To ensure the sustainability of the Ocean as “the source of life”, and to uphold and expand the principle of the common heritage as enshrined in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
- To promote the concept of Pacem in Maribus and its management and conservation for the benefit of future generations.

International Wildlife Coalition - (IWC/BRASIL)
IWC/BRASIL fights for the protection of wildlife and natural environments, in particular coastal/marine areas and endangered species.

We are currently monitoring national public policy and participation in relevant discussions in relation to high seas bottom trawling.

Jatun Sacha Great Wilderness
Our name is derived from Jatun Sacha, which in the language of the Incas means Great Wilderness. Founded in 2006, Great Wilderness is a California-based grassroots effort of scientists, communicators, outdoor enthusiasts and conservationists working globally through a strong network of local partners to advance an ecosystem-based wilderness ethic.

Great Wilderness seeks to maintain the natural systems necessary to support life on Earth. We believe that the key to sustaining the web of life is the protection of critical, intact, wilderness areas.

Korean Federation for Environmental Movement (KFEM)
KFEM was founded in April 1993, preceded by a decade-long history of environmental movement. KFEM is now the biggest and most influential NGO in Korea, with 85,000 members and 47 local branches working on various environmental issues from nuclear power and waste, to global environmental issues such as ozone depletion, deforestration, biodiversity and climate change. Its Oceans Committee works on a variety of issues, including ocean dumping, over-fishing, the Patagonian toothfish and whales.

Living Oceans Society
We strongly endorse the Position Statement of this coalition to the UN General Assembly, to declare an immediate moratorium on high seas bottom trawling. The network of seamounts and hydrothermal vents stretching around the Pacific Rim are known to be teeming with fish and invertebrates supported by fragile & complex habitats, yet outside the 200 nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zone there exists an unregulated and unmonitored deep sea bottom trawling fleet. The evidence linking healthy benthic habitat to healthy fish stocks is undeniable, as is the connection between habitat loss and bottom trawling.

Living Oceans Society is a marine conservation organization based in the fishing village of Sointula, British Columbia. We support the principles of ecosystem-based management, working towards healthy oceans and healthy coastal communities. Our Sustainable Fisheries research can be found on our web link.

LPN - Liga para a Protecção da Natureza
Liga para a Protecção da Natureza (League for the Protection of Nature) is a Portuguese non-profit non-governmental organization. It is the oldest environmental association from the Iberian Peninsula and was created in 1948 with the main aim of contributing to the conservation of nature, biodiversity and ecosystems. LPN aims to ensure the preservation of natural resources, which are the basis of sustainability, and to conserve Portuguese natural heritage for future generations. LPN’s main activities are environmental education and training, direct intervention in environmental issues, and the development and implementation of conservation and research projects.

MarBrasil is a Brazilian non-governmental organization that seeks the conservation and preservation of the marine environment and the sustainable development of the Brazilian coastal area.

Intensive bottom trawling since the 70s has been the main cause for the progressive depletion of fish stocks in coastal areas of Paran state, affecting at least 1.500 small-scale fishermen along the 80 km coastline. The difficulties faced by these communities have increased as resources have decreased, causing unemployment, poverty and social exclusion.

One of MarBrasil's programmes - the Programme of Extension and Support to Fishing and Aquaculture (PREAMAR) works to solve these conflicts by integrating different projects including training and courses to introduce new technologies for fisheries management of the fishing industry.

Marevivo is an environmental organization recognized by the national Ministry of the Environment with 30 years of experience in the protection of the sea and its resources. Marevivo is active on the Italian territory with numerous activities with the aim to inform and raise awareness among citizens, students and decision makers to protect the whole marine environment. All the activities that the association have organised during the years asked for the commitment of the institutions and to increase the attention and involvement of the public and the media, achieving important results towards the preservation of the marine environment.

Marine Conservation Society
The Marine Conservation Society is the UK charity dedicated to protecting our seas, shores and wildlife. Our oceans are under threat - too much is being taken out, too much thrown in and not enough protected. MCS works to turn the tide on the neglect of our oceans.

Marine Research Foundation, Sabah, Malaysia
The Marine Research Foundation is a small non-profit research foundation based in Sabah, Malaysia (north Borneo) and incorporated under the Trustees (Incorporation) Act 1951 Cap. 148. The Foundation was established to further the understanding of marine ecosystems and their associated diverse flora and fauna in Southeast Asia and other Indo-Pacific sites. The Foundation carries out a number of projects related to biodiversity assessment and conservation, and seeks to provide management-oriented solutions to Government administrations and conservationists. A key action for the MRF in the coming year will be bringing together experts form different bycatch species groups impacted by the high seas longline industry to develop joint solutions and enable description and qualification of the current status and extent of the bycatch problem in a geographical context. Together with partners Conservation International and WWF, we hope to produce a framework under which future collaboration among researchers of key animal groups may be achieved, and help guide future research and funding which will result in improved conservation initiatives.

MarViva promotes the protection and establishment of protected areas in the ocean, on islands, and in coastal areas of Ibero America and the Caribbean, provides support for the enforcement of legislation concerning these areas, and fosters an effective change towards a more sustainable use of marine and coastal resources.


Mundo Azul
Mundo Azul is a non governmental organization for scientific submarine and subaquatic investigation, for the protection of aquatic ecosystems and species, for environmental education and sustainable development.

National Fisherworkers' Forum

Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging
The Dutch Elasmobranch Society (Nederlandse Entomologische Vereniging, NEV) has as its primary purpose: to carry out, facilitate and encourage scientific research sharks and rays and in this way add to the knowledge base necessary for (inter) national policy, management and conservation of cartilaginous fish. We try to achieve this by:
  • Designing, conducting and supervising research on cartilaginous fish
  • Advocate for sustainable management of cartilaginous fish populations, sustainable fisheries and protecting marine wildlife and sensitive habitats at both a national and international level
  • Creating awareness about elasmobranch and their environment
  • Advise on shark and ray research, policy and management.
  • Bring togethers scientist, policy makers and conservationist in dialogue and research efforts

Nekton Foundation
Nekton Foundation is a new marine research organisation dedicated to exploring and protecting the deep ocean. Nekton leads research expeditions and conducts the Ocean Health Check, deploying the latest human operated submersibles and deep sea technology to take the pulse of our planet's life support system. We provide scientific data and media content to amplify ocean prioritisation, accelerate ocean literacy and inform organisations mandated with regional and international marine protection and stewardship. Nekton's research catalyses the increase of Marine Protected Areas, improvements in marine resource management, pollution reduction, climate change mitigation and changes to consumer behaviour.

Ocean Futures Society
The mission of Ocean Futures Society, founded by Jean-Michel Cousteau, is to explore the global ocean, inspiring and educating people throughout the world to act responsibly for its protection, documenting the critical connection between humanity and nature, and celebrating the ocean's vital importance to the survival of all life on our planet. Ocean Futures Society is based in Santa Barbara, CA, USA with offices in Paris and Italy. For more information about the endeavors of Cousteau and Ocean Futures Society, visit our website.

Oceana campaigns to protect and restore the world's oceans. Our teams of marine scientists, economists, lawyers and advocates win specific and concrete policy changes to reduce pollution and to prevent the irreversible collapse of fish populations, marine mammals and other sea life.

Global in scope and dedicated to conservation, Oceana has campaigners based in North America (Washington, DC; Juneau, AK; Los Angeles, CA), Europe (Madrid, Spain; Brussels, Belgium) and South America (Santiago, Chile). More than 200,000 members and e-activists in over 150 countries have already joined Oceana.

Visit our website for more information about destructive trawling and deep-sea corals.
OpenDoorWorld works to help save the Coral Reefs of Florida through public education and awareness, including underwater photographic expeditions to the coral reefs and mangrove estuaries of Key Largo and assisting other local nonprofit organizations defending the Ocean.

Organización Conservación de Cetáceos (OCC)
Further to a study into the habitat of whales off the Uruguayan coast (1995-1999 Organización Conservación de Cetáceos (Organization for the Conservation of Cetaceans) was set up in 2000. Since then, in addition to research, the organisation's main objectives include education and marine conservation, integrating natural, socio-cultural and economic aspects. In relation to the latter, sustainable tourism (whalewatching) enables Uruguay's coastal communities to contribute directly in the creation of the protected marine areas for whales in Uruguayan waters.

Orissa Marine Resource Conservation Consortium (OMRCC)
Orissa Marine Resource Conservation Consortium promotes and facilitates collaborative sea turtle and fishery resource conservation in Orissa. We explore alternate livelihood options for the fisher folk to gear up community-based conservation and sustainable fisheries in Orissa.

OMRCC advocates against polluting activities and environmentally unsustainable development practices in the coastal areas of Orissa by educating different stakeholders including government agencies to reduce and prevent the over-exploitation of  Orissa's marine resources. We also develop conflict management mechanisms for sea turtle conservation, sustainable fisheries and food security of traditional fishers.

PONG-Pesca - Platform of Portuguese NGOs on Fisheries
The idea for this platform first came up during the Workshop on the Reform of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) held by Seas at Risk (SAR) at the Luso-American Development Foundation, in Lisbon on 21st of April 2009. The members of the Portuguese NGOs attending the event agreed that it would be crucial to take part in the wide-range debate about the reform of the CFP, and that it would be very interesting and possibly more effective to do so in a unified manner. Hence, after a series of meetings, the Platform of Portuguese NGOs on Fisheries (PONG-Pesca) was formed. Its mission is to promote the sustainable exploration of fishing resources, in all of its dimensions - ecological, social and economic - with the aim of attaining marine ecosystem preservation and the development of the coastal communities associated to the fisheries sector. Although its primary oobjective was to take part in reform of the CFP, the scope of the platform has broadened mainly because it has become clear to its participants that the NGOs are not considered relevant stakeholders in the national arena of fisheries. Therefore, PONG-Pesca coalition also wants to establish itself has a reference partner in the reflections and discussions on the Portuguese fisheries agenda.

Programa Restauración de Tortugas Marinas (PRETOMA)

PRETOMA is a Non Profit Civil Association, with headquarters in San Jose, Costa Rica. We are biologists, naturalists, conservationists, and citizens concerned over the plight of the sea turtles and the marine habitat in general.

Our mission is to protect, conserve, and restore, the populations of sea turtles that use the marine environment of Costa Rica to either nest, feed, or migrate. We also work to protect the diverse habitats along the Central American isthmus and international waters upon which they depend during their different life stages.

We strive to work directly with the social groups that interact with the sea turtles, such as coastal communities and fishermen, respecting their cultural and economic needs.

ProNaturaleza was founded in 1984 and is one of Peru's oldest and most prominent non-governmental conservation organizations. Its mission is to conserve Peru's biodiversity - one of the richest on the planet - implementing sustainable development projects, participating in environmental policy development and promoting a culture of environmental awareness. ProNaturaleza is a member of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature.

Since its foundation, our activities have grown in magnitude, scope and influence. Today, more than 20 projects in key areas of Peru provide support for the management of 13 protected areas; our professional team includes biologists, anthropologists, geographers, forest engineers, sociologists, communicators and teachers.

QUERCUS is a non-governmental environmental organisation established in Portugal in 1985 

The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
The RSPB is the UK charity working to secure a healthy environment for birds and wildlife, helping to create a better world for us all. 

Save Our Seas (SOS)
SOS is an international Hawai'i based non-profit organization utilizing education and research to preserve, protect, and restore the world’s oceans for future generations.

Sciaena - Marine Sciences and Cooperation
Created in 2006, Sciaena is a nonprofit entity with legal personality, with national and international scope. It aims to design, implement and support programs and projects of environmental, social, civic, economic and cultural nature, in order to promote cooperation and integrated human development on coastal areas and the conservation of marine ecosystems. Sciaena has developed its work in partnership with various social actors - other NGOs, local authorities, educational and research institutions, among others, always inviting general society to take part in its activities.

Sharklife Conservation Group
As a registered non-profit organisation, Sharklife addresses the alarming exploitation of both shark populations and ocean fisheries in South African waters. We actively engage the urgent need for research and protection of many marine species. Through scientific research, education and awareness-building, Sharklife aims to:
• Alter public misconceptions about sharks and replace the "Jaws" syndrome with positive understanding.
• Bring the plight of the worlds oceans to people’s attention and encourage sustainable seafood choices.
• Develop and facilitate educational ocean experiences for interested parties. 

SPDA  (Sociedad peruana de Derecho Ambiental)

SPEA - Portuguese Society for the Study of Birds
The Society for the Study of Birds (SPEA) is a nonprofit scientific association that promotes the study and conservation of birds in Portugal. It was founded on November 25 of 1993 and corresponds to a desire expressed by a large number of professionals and amateurs that developed activities in the field of ornithology and conservation of Nature.

logo-TERRAMAR The TerraMar Project
The TerraMar Project has created a tangible identity for the high seas, often referred to as international waters, which can be found outside of all nations jurisdiction. Citizenship provides you with a virtual platform to stand up for millions of marine animals, plants & habitats that have no voice. Together, we will defend the world's largest ecosystem. International waters cover 45% of our planet, that means 45% of the planet desperately needs your help. Our initial goal is to reach 1 MILLION citizens. Power lies in numbers, and with 1 MILLION citizens behind us we can start to make a difference.

Applying for your free passport will help bring us one step closer to reaching our goals and bring you one step closer to saving the ocean. Sharing is caring with your help we can spread the word and increase citizenship to TerraMar making our shared international waters front page news, trending online and shared throughout the world! The more noise we make the more people will have to pay attention giving our international waters the attention they are due.

Donations to The TerraMar Project support scientific research expeditions and building a vital education platform for the largest and least understood place on earth. TerraMar is comprised of a globally representative group of experts, NGOs and citizens whose mission is to protect the ocean for generations to come. We are members of the High Seas Alliance & the Deep Sea Conservation Coalition.

Universidad Nacional Federico Villare

World Forum of Fisher Peoples (WFFP)
Under the banner of World Forum of Fisher Peoples (WFFP), the fisher peoples of the world are working together to
- protect fisher peoples' livelihoods;
- uphold fishing, human and fundamental rights, social justice and community responsibilities;
- preserve and promote their cultures;
- affirm water as the source of all life; and
- sustain fisheries and aquatic resources for the present and for future generations.