thew

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[edit] English

[edit] Pronunciation

  • IPA: /θjuː/

[edit] Etymology 1

From Middle English thew, theow, from Old English þēow, þēo ("servant, slave"), from Proto-Germanic *þewaz, *þegwaz (servant), from Proto-Indo-European *tekwos (runner), from Proto-Indo-European *tekw- (to run, flow). Cognate with Old High German diu ("servant"), Gothic  (þius, "bondman, slave, servant"), Dutch dienen ("to serve"), German dienen ("to serve"), Old English þegn ("servant, minister, vassal"). See thegn, thane.

[edit] Noun

thew (plural thews)

  1. (obsolete) A bondman; a slave.

[edit] Etymology 2

From Middle English thew, from Old English þēow ("servile, not free, bond"), from Proto-Germanic *þewaz, *þegwaz (subject, servile), from Proto-Indo-European *tekwos (runner), from Proto-Indo-European *tekw- (to run, flow). Cognate with Old High German dio ("unfree").

[edit] Adjective

thew (comparative more thew, superlative most thew)

  1. (obsolete) Bond; servile.

[edit] Etymology 3

From Middle English thewen, from Old English þēowan, þȳwan ("to press, impress, force, press on, urge on, drive, press with a weapon, thrust, pierce, stab, threaten, rebuke, subjugate, crush, push, oppress, check"), from Proto-Germanic *þewjanan (to enslave, oppress), from Proto-Indo-European *tekw- (to run, flow). Cognate with Middle Dutch douwen, Middle Low German duwen, Middle High German diuhen, dūhen, diuwen ("to oppress").

[edit] Verb

thew (third-person singular simple present thews, present participle thewing, simple past and past participle thewed)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To oppress; enslave.

[edit] Etymology 4

From Middle English thew, theaw (often in plural thewes), from Old English þēaw ("usage, custom, general practise of a community, mode of conduct, manner, practise, way, behaviour"), from Proto-Germanic *þawwaz (custom, habit), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tāu-, *(s)te- (to stand, place). Cognate with Old Frisian thāw, Old Saxon thau ("custom"), Old High German *gathau, kathau ("discipline").

[edit] Noun

thew (plural thews)

  1. Muscle or sinew.
  2. A good quality or habit; virtue.
  3. An attractive physical attribute, especially muscle; mental or moral vigour.
[edit] Quotations
  • 1602 : Hamlet by William Shakespeare, act 1 scene 3 lines 11-12-13-14
    For nature crescent does not grow alone
    In thews and bulks, but as this temple waxes,
    The inward service of the mind and soul
    Grows wide withal.
  • 1960, Thomas Pynchon, Low-Lands
    Fortune’s elf child and disinherited darling, young and randy and more a Jolly Jack Tar than anyone human could conceivably be; thews and chin taut against a sixty-knot gale with a well-broken-in briar clenched in the bright defiant teeth
[edit] Derived terms

[edit] Verb

thew (third-person singular simple present thews, present participle thewing, simple past and past participle thewed)

  1. Instruct in morals or values; chastise.
[edit] Derived terms

[edit] Anagrams